New Delhi: India is set to announce a slew of support measures for the sugar sector, government people said, aimed at cutting a growing surplus and propping up local prices to help loss-making mills and millions of cane growers who make up a key voting bloc.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s cabinet is likely to back the proposals—which include building a 3 million tonne government stockpile to soak up excess supply from the domestic market—when it meets on Wednesday, two people close to the development said.
The people, who are directly involved in policymaking, did not wish to be identified, in line with government policy.
The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) last week suffered a blow in Kairana bypolls in Uttar Pradesh, the top sugar producing state in India’s northern cane belt. Analysts viewed the result as a bellwether for Lok Sabha elections due May 2019.
Modi needs to placate India’s 50 million cane growers, whose numbers make them an influential political lobby, to smooth his route back to power after 2019 Lok Sabha elections.
India, the world’s biggest consumer of sugar and No. 2 producer after Brazil, has in the past created government stockpiles, or buffer stocks, to tackle supply gluts caused by yo-yo-ing output.
Late last month Reuters reported that the government would approve the proposal that would require sugar mills to stock 3 million tonnes of sugar in their warehouses, with the government paying the carrying costs for the commodity.
The plan would cost the government around Rs1,215 crore.
Other than building a buffer stock, the government is also expected to offer cheap loans to sugar mills to expand their ethanol production capacity and fix a floor price to ensure that retail rates do not fall further, the people said.
Shares of sugar companies such as Dhampur Sugar Mills Ltd, Mawana Sugars Ltd, Balrampur Chini Mills Ltd and Avadh Sugar & Energy Ltd jumped on Tuesday in anticipation of the measures.
Sugar prices have dropped to their lowest in 28 months, exacerbating financial woes of sugar mills. Citing their poor financial health, mills have said they are unable to pay cane farmers on time.
Mills now owe nearly Rs22,000 crore, which could leap to a record Rs25,000 crore in the current 2017/18 season.
Rising cane arrears have angered farmers.
New Delhi scrapped a 20% tax on sugar exports in March, and in April asked mills to export 2 million tonnes of sugar to cut back inventories.
The government also approved a plan to provide financial support to cane farmers for produce sold to sugar mills.