RBI in its annual report had said Rs15.28 trillion, or 99% of the old Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes, have returned to the banking system after demonetisation. Photo: Aniruddha Chowdhury/Mint
RBI in its annual report had said Rs15.28 trillion, or 99% of the old Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes, have returned to the banking system after demonetisation. Photo: Aniruddha Chowdhury/Mint

Demonetisation: RBI says old 500, 1000 notes being checked by sophisticated currency verification machines

RBI, in response to an RTI query, says the sophisticated currency verification machines are way superior to the note counting machines

New Delhi: The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is not using “counting machines" for tallying the total number of 500 and 1000 notes scrapped after demonetisation in any of its offices, the central bank has said in an Right to Information (RTI) reply.

Rather, it is using “sophisticated currency verification and processing (CVPS) machines for checking the numerical accuracy and genuineness of the currency notes, including SBNs (specified bank notes that have been scrapped)", RBI clarified later on Sunday evening.

“These machines are way superior to the note counting machines. With a view to augmenting processing capacity, RBI is using the available machines in two shifts and has been using some machines temporarily drawn from commercial banks after suitable modifications. The RBI is also exploring other options to augment processing capacity even further," the central bank said in a statement.

The clarification followed an RTI reply by the central bank itself wherein it had said “counting machines" were “not being used" in RBI offices for the old 500 and 1000 notes. An official also clarified that the counting machines are typically very small and are mostly used in branches of commercial banks for smaller number of notes.

In reply to the RTI application, the central bank had also refused to give the total number of personnel deployed for counting of the scrapped notes, saying compiling the information would “disproportionately divert" its resources.

In its annual report for 2016-17 released on 30 August, the RBI had said 5.28 trillion, or 99% of the demonetised 500 and 1000 notes, have returned to the banking system.

The central bank, in the annual report, which was for the year ended 30 June 2017, said only 16050 crore out of the 15.44 trillion in the old high denomination notes have not returned.

As on 8 November 2016, when demonetisation was announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, there were 1,716.5 crore pieces of 00 and 685.8 crore pieces of 1000 notes in circulation, totalling 15.44 trillion, it had said.

“Counting machines are not being used for the purpose in any offices of Reserve Bank of India," the RBI said in the RTI reply dated 10 August. The central bank also said no counting machines were taken on lease to reconcile the total figure of the junked notes. It was asked to give details about machines being used for counting the 500 and 1000 notes.

The central bank also denied sharing information on the total number of personnel deployed for counting of the old notes. “Compiling the information would disproportionately divert the resources, the information sought cannot be furnished as per section 7 (9) of RTI Act, 2005," the RBI said in its reply to the RTI query filed by a PTI correspondent.

The section says information shall ordinarily be provided in the form in which it is sought unless it would disproportionately divert the resources of the public authority or would be detrimental to the safety or preservation of the record in question.

To a query seeking the dates of beginning of the counting of the demonetised notes, it said “the processing of notes is a continuous activity".

The RBI did not give any specific reply when asked about the last date of counting of the demonetised notes. “Subject to future corrections based on verification process when completed, the estimated value of specified bank notes received as on 30 June 2017, is 15.28 trillion," the central bank had said in its annual report.

While the counterfeit currency notes made up for a minuscule number, the RBI post-demonetisation spent 7,965 crore on printing new 500 and 2000 and other denomination notes, more than double the 3421 crore spent in the previous year, it said.

Finance minister Arun Jaitley had said demonetisation, which had slowed economic activity and put the common man at much inconvenience, was aimed at flushing out black money, eliminating fake currency, striking at the root of terror financing, converting non-formal economy into formal one to expand tax base and employment, and giving a big boost to digitisation of payments to make India a less-cash economy.

In his reaction to the RBI report, ex-finance minister P. Chidambaram had wondered whether demonetisation was “a scheme designed to convert black money into white".

“RBI ‘gained’ 16,000 crore, but ‘lost’ 21,000 crore in printing new notes! The economists deserve Nobel Prize. “ 16,000 cr out of demonetised notes of 15,44,000 cr did not come back to RBI. That is 1%. Shame on RBI which ‘recommended’ demonetisation," Chidambaram had said in a series of tweets. PTI