New Delhi: Tata Consultancy Services Ltd (TCS) applied for only a third of the H-1B visas this year compared to 2015, helped by increased hiring from engineering campuses and B-schools in the US.
The move comes at a time when the Indian IT firms are confronted by closer scrutiny and tighter visa norms in the US, a market that accounts for nearly 60% of India’s IT exports.
“We have significantly ramped it (local hiring) up in the last couple of years, replicating many of the programmes that have worked very well for us in India, such as partnering academic institutions and engaging with high school students," TCS’s executive vice president (human resources) Ajoy Mukherjee said in the company’s annual report.
TCS is hiring from more than 100 engineering campuses and MBA graduates from top B-schools in the US. “All this is helping us bring down our dependence on work visas. In 2016 and again this year, we have applied for only a third of the visas we had applied for in 2015," Mukherjee said.
With rising protectionism across markets like Singapore and Australia, companies are beginning to adjust their business models to reduce their dependence on visas, hiring more locals instead.
The ramp up in local hiring is also aimed at placating the Donald Trump administration in the US that has been critical of outsourcing firms.
The US had accused TCS, as well as peers Infosys Ltd and Cognizant Technology Solutions Corp. of unfairly cornering the lion’s share of the US’s H-1B visas, taking jobs away from American workers.
The tightening of US visa norms not only pushes up operational costs for these tech firms, but also makes movement of skilled workforce difficult.
Infosys has already announced that it would hire 10,000 Americans over the next two years and set up four innovation hubs in the US.
The H-1B visa programme is most sought-after by Indian IT firms and professionals to work on customer sites. Every year, the US grants 65,000 H-1B visas, while another 20,000 are set aside for those with advanced US degrees.