Mumbai: The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has proposed to limit the amount of short-term cash a company can borrow from banks against stocks or receivables, in an attempt to bring credit discipline among large borrowers.

According to the draft guidelines released on Monday, RBI said that borrowers with working capital facility of over 150 crore need to withdraw a minimum of 40% of the limit as loan component and the remaining as cash credit.

“In respect of borrowers having aggregate fund based working capital limit of 150 crore and above from the banking system, a minimum level of ‘loan component’ of 40% shall be effective from 1 October 2018," the guidelines said. “The 40% loan component will be revised to 60%, with effect from 1 April 2019."

Typically, working capital facility for a large borrower is given by way of cash credit facility, working capital demand loan and other non-fund based facilities. Among them, cash credit is the most popular mode of working capital financing. However, it poses several regulatory challenges such as perpetual rollovers, transmission of liquidity management from the borrowers to banks/RBI, hampering of smooth transmission of monetary policy.

According to these draft guidelines, RBI has proposed that the tenure of this loan be fixed at more than seven days. The regulator has also proposed that banks set aside more capital against the unused portion of cash credit, which was not the case until now.

“Effective from 1 April 2019, the undrawn portion of cash credit/overdraft limits sanctioned to the aforesaid large borrowers, irrespective of whether unconditionally cancellable or not, shall attract a credit conversion factor of 20%," the guidelines read.

RBI proposed that while the rules for sharing of cash credit and loan component would be laid down by the consortium of banks, each lender would be responsible for their exposure as per the new guidelines. Bankers believe that the new guidelines will bring credit discipline among borrowers and push them into borrowing from the money market.

“The draft guidelines, when implemented, would surely help in imparting greater credit discipline in borrowers; they would have to manage their treasury and working capital flows in a more planned manner to avoid delinquencies and defaults," said Sunil Srivastava, former deputy managing director, State Bank of India. “At the same time , the volatility in the usage pattern of cash credit limits would perhaps get corrected as we go forward assisting the banks in their asset-liability management functions."

Bankers believe that the new guidelines, if implemented, will force lenders to assess the working capital requirement of borrowers more accurately.