Reliance Jio launched a free-for-life call service last year that triggered a price war and consolidation in one of the world’s most crowded mobile markets. Its free introductory nationwide 4G wireless service started in 2016, instantly roiling the world’s largest telecommunications sector after China’s.
Two years later, Reliance Jio—which began charging for data in 2017—has 227 million users and has become profitable as it brings connectivity to remote Indian villages.
The ensuing disruption forced smaller operators to quit, merge or go bankrupt. Newly merged Vodafone Idea has toppled Bharti Airtel to become India’s top operator, while Reliance Jio has quickly added subscribers to gain the No.3 spot.
Bernstein said average revenue per unit (arpu) would probably rise for Bharti Airtel and Vodafone Idea this year as they cancel user contracts that generate little revenue. The research firm does not expect 3G/4G pricing to start to creep up until 2020. Bernstein lowered its price targets for Airtel to ₹ 450 a share and Vodafone Idea to ₹ 40 a share.
At 1.11pm, Bharti Airtel shares were down 2.47% at ₹ 296.40 apiece while Vodafone Idea’s were lower by 1.78% at ₹ 33.20. RIL share price stood 3.82% weaker at ₹ 1,090.00 even as the benchmark Sensex traded 1.44% lower at 35,158.70 points.