Mumbai: The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Friday said it has issued certificate of authorization to four non-bank entities, including Tata Communications Payment Solutions and Muthoot Finance, to set up white label automated teller machines (ATMs) in the country.

The other two non-bank entities to which RBI has issued the certificate for setting up and operating white label ATMs are Prizm Payment Services and Vakrangee Ltd.

While Tata, Muthoot and Prizm have already launched their services, Vakrangee is likely to commence its service shortly, the central bank said.

Most of the ATMs belong to banks, but the cash dispensing machines which are owned and operated by non-banking companies are called white label ATMs.

In June 2012, RBI issued policy guidelines permitting non-bank entities to set up and operate such ATMs.

Prior to this, only banks were permitted to set up and operate ATMs in the country. The primary objective of permitting non-banks to operate ATMs, RBI said, was to enhance the spread of ATMs in semi-urban and rural areas (mainly in tier III to VI areas), where bank-owned ATM penetration was not growing.

Under the new guidelines, certain minimum number of ATMs need to be installed in these areas within a year as per the scheme opted by the respective operators.