New Delhi: With the closure of Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) deadline to resolve the 28 identified large stressed accounts in the second list, banks are gearing up to refer as many as 24 of them for insolvency proceedings.

In August, RBI had asked banks to either resolve the 28 more large stressed accounts or refer them to the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) by 31 December. These accounts together account for 40% of bad loans of around Rs4 trillion.

“Except for Anrak Aluminium, Jayaswal Neco Industries, Soma Enterprises and Jaiprakash Associates, all other accounts are going to the NCLT (for resolution)," a senior banker said. Some of the large accounts, which are likely to go to the NCLT, include Asian Color Coated Ispat, Castex Technologies, Coastal Projects, East Coast Energy, IVRCL, Orchid Pharma, SEL Manufacturing, Uttam Galva Metallic, Uttam Galva Steel, Visa Steel, Essar Projects, Jai Balaji Industries, Monnet Power, Nagarjuna Oil Refinery, Ruchi Soya Industries and Wind World India.

In the case of Anrak Aluminium, the lenders are looking for a one-time settlement, while for Soma Enterprises, the banker said the account is closer to resolution. For Jaiprakash Associates—its EPC business arm—the lenders are seeking RBI approval for a “deep restructuring", another banker said.

The lenders have also sought RBI permission to extend the 13 December deadline for Videocon Industries, where they have huge exposure, said another banker. However, RBI refused to extend the deadline and banks are preparing to approach NCLT.

Banks will also have to make a provision of 50% on these accounts by March 2018. It can be noted that of the 12 largest accounts that the RBI had named on the June list, 11 of them are under the NCLT. The apex bank’s internal advisory committee identified 12 large stressed cases worth over Rs5,000 crore, accounting to 25% (Rs1.75 trillion) of total gross non-performing assets, for proceedings under the insolvency and bankruptcy code.

The central bank advised banks to set aside 50% provisioning against secured exposure and 100% against unsecured exposure in all cases referred for bankruptcy.

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