Seoul: A bruising week for oil has set prices on course for the longest weekly losing streak in three years as a trade war between the world’s two biggest economies stokes fears it could sap energy demand. Futures were headed for a 2.4% loss this week. The US and China are threatening to slap additional tariffs on imports from each other in a matter of weeks, with the tit-for-tat protectionist measures set to expand. The trade conflict overshadowed a decline in American crude inventories and potential supply losses from Iran.
Oil is trading near a seven-week low on fears the intensifying trade tension will crimp global economic growth and increase financial vulnerability. Meanwhile, some Iranian crude buyers have started looking elsewhere for supplies as renewed US sanctions aiming at curbing oil exports from the Opec nation are set to take effect in November.
“Overall, there seems to be a bigger downward force on oil with China’s retaliatory tariffs against the US," Min Byungkyu, a Seoul-based global market strategist at Yuanta Securities Co., said by phone. “There are still concerns over a possible decline in US oil sales to China as it could disrupt America’s supply balance by increasing its stockpiles and even end up creating a glut."
West Texas Intermediate crude for September delivery traded at $66.83 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange, up 2 cents, at 12.43pm in Tokyo. The contract slipped 13 cents to $66.81 on Thursday. Prices are headed for a sixth weekly decline, the longest such streak since August 2015. Total volume traded was about 55% below the 100-day average.
Brent for October settlement rose 6 cents to $72.13 on the London-based ICE Futures Europe exchange. Prices fell 21 cents to $72.07 on Thursday, and are headed for a 1.5% drop this week. The global benchmark crude traded at a $5.97 premium to WTI for the same month.
Futures for September delivery fell 0.3% to 517.6 yuan a barrel on the Shanghai International Energy Exchange, after losing 0.8% on Thursday. The contract is up 0.9% this week, heading for a fourth weekly advance.
China will apply 25% duties on American diesel, gasoline, propane and other petroleum products from 23 August, according to the nation’s commerce ministry. The latest levies against an additional $16 billion worth of imports from the US match America’s plan to add 25% tariffs on the same value of Chinese goods. Washington is also reviewing 10% duties on a further $200 billion in Chinese products.
In the latest list, US crude was spared in a sign that America has become too big to ignore in the oil market. As recently as June, China was the top foreign buyer of American crude, importing a record 15 million barrels that month. The Asian nation may impose duties later if President Donald Trump doesn’t back down, according to Li Li, a research director at ICIS-China.
In the US, nationwide crude stockpiles declined by 1.35 million barrels last week, according to the Energy Information Administration, while supplies stored in the key hub of Cushing, Oklahoma, fell for a twelfth straight week. Gasoline inventories expanded for the first time in six weeks, the data showed.
Crude has decoupled versus the currencies of Russia, Brazil and Canada, with internal market dynamics pushing them in different directions, according to research from Societe Generale SA. Energy explorers are looking to public markets to expand pipeline networks in the biggest American oil field as shipping bottlenecks threaten to curtail production in the prolific shale region.