Mumbai: The worst may be over for India’s benchmark bond as the nation’s inflation rate has probably peaked, HDFC Standard Life Insurance Co. said in a call against market consensus.
The 10-year bond yield may drop to 7.50% by end-2018, a decline of 37 basis points from current levels, said Badrish Kulhalli, head of fixed income at the insurer, which has ₹ 1.1 trillion ($15.7 billion) under management. Investors will return as confidence grows that the Reserve Bank of India is probably done with further rate increases, he said.
Kulhalli joins a small group of investors betting that a rout in Indian bonds that started last August is coming to an end. Consumer inflation eased in July, while the RBI has adopted a neutral monetary stance after raising rates twice since June. HDFC’s bet is also dependent on the central bank stepping up debt purchases to provide support.
“Our view is that RBI will maintain status quo on interest rates for an extended period, " Kulhalli said in an interview. The 10-year bond is “the segment where you will see very strong demand coming in the moment there is any turn in sentiment."
While the median analyst forecast is for the 10-year yield to rise to 7.90% by the end of the year, some investors see signs of improvement. Nomura Asset Management Co. said last month that Indian bonds stand out in emerging markets, while Standard Chartered Plc raised its three-month outlook to positive after the latest RBI meeting.
India isn’t in a situation where policy rates need to go much higher than the two-year high of 6.5%, given that they are “significantly higher than inflation," Kulhalli said. Consumer inflation came in at 4.17% in July.
Another turning point for the bond market will come if the RBI steps up open-market operations, said Kulhalli, who expects the central bank to buy as much as ₹ 1.5 trillion of bonds for the fiscal year ending March. It has purchased ₹ 30,000 crore as of July.
“A big factor which had led bond yields higher right from October last year was the mismatch between demand and supply," he said. RBI purchases “will shore up the demand side of the balance meaningfully and act as a cap on yields."