Frankfurt: Mario Draghi is ready to end the European Central Bank’s (ECB) bond-buying program even if he puts off the decision for one more policy meeting, economists say in a Bloomberg survey.
Almost a third of respondents predicted the ECB president will set an expiration-date for purchases after next week’s gathering of the Governing Council, and 46% said he’ll do so at the session in July.
Either way, analysts are confident buying will be phased out this year, especially after Executive Board member Peter Praet confirmed a Bloomberg News report by signalling that policy makers will hold their first full talks over whether to pull the plug on the stimulus tool.
“It could well be the case we are going to have a formal announcement in June rather than in July, as I had expected before Praet’s speech," said Annamaria Grimaldi, an economist at Intesa Sanpaolo.
“If they want to be on the extra-cautious side they could wait until July 26. However, Praet is the last of a number of members who hinted that market expectations that the asset-purchase program will be terminated this year are realistic."
A decision to terminate the bond-buying program would mark the first step for Draghi out of crisis-fighting mode. The 14 June meeting in Latvia—one of the occasional sessions held outside Frankfurt—comes four years to the month since the ECB became the first major bank to cut interest rates below zero. It followed up with cheap loans to bank and asset purchases that will total €2.6 trillion ($3.1 trillion) by September.
Economists predicted the central bank will add €38 billion of debt to quantitative easing in the last three months of 2018, and will reinvest the proceeds from maturing bonds for another two to three years.
The ECB is still years behind the US Federal Reserve in removing emergency stimulus. The US central bank slowly started lifting borrowing costs in 2015 and is on course for at least two more interest-rate increases this year.
While Praet reiterated his confidence in the euro area’s economic expansion and signs that inflation is gaining traction, policy makers will have to take into account a host of risks. Economists cited the top two concerns as political uncertainty in Italy and a global trade conflict.
Italian bond markets were rocked last week as the nation seemed to be headed for new elections that could be seen as a referendum on euro membership, and the government that was finally formed still has the potential to run into strife with the European Union over its heavy spending plans.
Meanwhile, US President Donald Trump’s administration, already embroiled in trade tensions with China, imposed steel and aluminium tariffs on the EU, Canada and Mexico on 31 May.
Both those external threats were ranked in the survey as more serious than the euro area’s domestic economic slowdown so far this year.
The survey suggests the ECB’s first interest-rate move will be to raise the deposit rate to minus 0.25% from minus 0.4% by the second quarter of 2019. An increase in the main refinancing rate, currently zero, is projected by the third quarter of 2019. The timings of both those forecasts are unchanged from the previous survey in April.
Before then, policy makers will need to adjust their guidance that borrowing costs will stay on hold until “well past" the end of net asset purchases. Economists see that language being altered only in December—right before buying ends and three months later than in the previous survey.
“The meaning of ‘well past’ diminishes over time and rate expectations could become unanchored," said Kristian Toedtmann, an economist at DekaBank in Frankfurt. “The new wording on rates should be somewhat stricter."