The history of the orange is a history of the world itself. It originated in South-East Asia (although there is debate over whether this was India or China); it was carried by Persian traders to Rome in the first century BC, from where it travelled to parts of Europe and Africa. After the decline of the Roman Empire in the 16th century, the Portuguese took the fruit to new places. In fact, in many European languages, the word Portugal refers to the orange (the Greeks call itportokali, for instance). The Spanish explorers introduced it to the Americas around the 15th century. Today the largest producer of oranges is Brazil, the country where it perhaps reached almost at the end of its globetrotting.

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The orange is had fresh, juiced, it’s made into marmalades and jams; whipped into a variety of cakes and tarts; and coupled with chicken, eggs, cheese, in salads, omelettes and bakes. Really, when you’re an orange, the world is your oyster, and the future, as someone once said, is orange.


Eat it this way

Chicken, rocket leaf and orange salad

Preparation Time

20 minutes


Serves 1

•150g chicken breast

•2 oranges

•70g rocket leaves

•15ml olive oil

•10ml Tarragon vinegar

•15g walnuts

• 30g plain yogurt

• 30g Thousand Island dressing

•30g carrot, sliced

•Salt to taste

•Pepper to taste


Citrus chicken: Although commonly used in desserts, the orange is also a great salad ingredient.

By Anurudh Khanna, executive chef, The Park, New Delhi.