People who are more conscious of eating sound eat less

The munching sound people make while eating affects how much food one eats, a US study claims. Researchers from Brigham Young University and Colorado State University found that people who are more conscious of the chomping and chewing sound while eating are more likely to eat less. They randomly assigned headphones with loud music and headphone with no music to participants while eating snacks. It was found the louder noise masked the sound of chewing and the participants in that group ate more compared to the quiet group. The study was published in journal Food Quality and Preference. Read more here.

Difficult patients can affect doctors’ judgement

Doctors are more likely to make mistakes while diagnosing difficult patients, a Dutch study suggests. Researchers from Institute of Medical Education Research, Rotterdam presented 63 doctors with two sets of six clinical situations that included difficult as well as cooperative patients. The researchers found that doctors made more mistakes when they were treating a difficult patient even if the patient’s medical condition was not very complex. Researchers believe difficult patients trigger reactions which affects the doctors reasoning and ability to judge and cause errors. The study was published in BMJ Quality & Safety. Read more here.

Naturally occurring maple syrup can help fight Alzheimer’s

Having pure maple syrup extract regularly can increase brain cells’ resistance to Alzheimer’s disease, a Canadian study suggests. Researchers at University of Toronto found that when brain cells fold and clump improperly they form a plaque which increases risk of Alzheimer’s like brain disorders. Maple syrup prevents this by averting the folding up of beta amyloid and tau peptide proteins, found in brain cells. Pure maple syrup is extracted directly from the sap of the maple tree. It contains more than 100 bioactive compounds with anti-inflammatory properties. The study was presented at the annual meeting of the American Chemical Society. Read more here.

Overweight women more likely to have larger babies

The risk of overweight or obese women giving birth to larger babies is higher, a British study claims. Researchers from two different medical schools of UK examined 18 previous studies involving 30,000 healthy women and their babies. First they looked at the mother’s BMI, blood glucose and blood pressure and then at the babies’ weight at the time of birth and found that babies born to overweight women also weighed more. “Being born very large or very small can carry health risks for a newborn baby, particularly when that’s at the extreme end of the spectrum," said co-author Rachel Freathy from University of Exeter Medical School. The study was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Read more here.

Risk of traumatic stress higher in people with congenital heart disease

Adults suffering from congenital heart disease (CHD) are more likely to experience persistent emotional and traumatic mental stress compared to healthy person, a US study shows. Doctors from a Philadelphia hospital enlisted 134 patients with congenital heart defects. They used two validated mental health scales with questions related to anxiety, depression and traumatic stress and found that upto 21% patients with CHD suffered from traumatic stress while only 3.5% in the healthy group were diagnosed with it. CHD is a birth defect of heart which causes rapid breathing and fatigue. The study was published in the American Journal of Cardiology. Read more here.

Compiled by Abhijit Ahaskar