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The risk of diabetes and heart disease is lower in people who cook food in sunflower oil compared to those who use olive oil more. Photo: iStockphoto
The risk of diabetes and heart disease is lower in people who cook food in sunflower oil compared to those who use olive oil more. Photo: iStockphoto

Sunflower oil can be your ticket to a healthy life

Teens who have poor muscles are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes and playing video games can help improve brain function in multiple sclerosis patients studies and research tips for a healthier you

Out of shape teens face higher risk of diabetes in later life

Teens suffering from low cardio-respiratory fitness and poor muscle strength are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes afterwards, irrespective of their body weight, a US study claims. Researchers from Icahn School of Medicine, New York City studied data on over one million 18-year-olds enlisted in the Swedish army between 1969 and 1997 as conscripts. The conscripts had no history of diabetes. The researchers followed up with them till 2012 through hospital and outpatient registries and found that 34,000 had diabetes. They found that the risk of diabetes was three times higher in those who had the weakest muscles. The study was published in the Annals of Internal Medicine. Read more here.

Sunflower oil can help avert diabetes and heart disease

The risk of diabetes and heart disease is lower in people who cook food in sunflower oil compared to those who use olive oil more, a US study suggests. Olive oil contains more oleic acid than linoleic acid, which is found more in oils from nuts and seeds such as sunflower, poppy seed, corn, sesame and walnut. Linoleic acid lowers risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes as a result people with higher linoleic acid in blood are more likely to have less body fat. When researchers from Ohio State University compared the effects of these two types of polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats they noticed a higher decrease in inflammation in case of people who had more linoleic acid in the blood than oleic acid. The study was published in the journal Molecular Nutrition & Food Research. Read more here.

Video games can help improve brain function in multiple sclerosis

Brain-training video games can help improve some cognitive abilities of brain by strengthening neural connections in people with multiple sclerosis, an Italian study claims. Researchers from Sapienza University studied the effects of puzzle and memory games on the thalamus region of the brain in multiple sclerosis patients. MRI was used to read which areas of the brain were more active during them. Patients in the video-game group showed significant increase in function of the thalamus region of the brain which plays an important role in cognition. The study was published in journal Radiology.Read more here.

Overconfidence is related to how one sees intelligence

People who think intelligence is fixed and unchangeable are more likely to feel overconfident compared to others. Researchers from Florida State University and Stanford University carried out a series of interviews and found that people with that mindset try to maintain their overconfidence by focusing on the easy parts of tasks while ignoring the hard parts. However, people who believed that intelligence is a changeable quality spent more time on the hard parts of tasks and learned more new things. This shows that their level of confidence is more in line with their abilities. The study appeared in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. Read more here.

Education can curb caffeine intake in children

Caffeine is the most easily available stimulant but it can be really bad for adolescents. A new study claims, its consumption can be curbed through more education. Researchers from Brescia University enlisted 166 teens and found that 44.6% of them had caffeinated drinks one to six times every week. They used it as it made them more alert and would help them in their study. Researchers believe the consumption can be reduced through education, parental guidance and advertisements. Caffeine intoxication can have serious effect on health even when taken in moderate amount. The study was published in the journal of Nutrition Education and Behaviour. Read more here.

Compiled by Abhijit Ahaskar

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