2 min read.Updated: 18 Dec 2015, 12:27 PM ISTLivemint
A natural compound present in red wine and olive oil can avert cardiovascular diseases and environmental factors cause more cancer than genetic mutationsstudies and research tips for a healthier you
Drinking coffee can lower risk of early death from heart disease
People who drink coffee regularly are less likely to die early of heart disease and diabetes than those who don’t drink coffee at all, an American study suggests. Decaf drinkers showed a similar pattern. Researchers from the National Cancer Institute in Rockville studied data collected under a previous study on 90,317 adults without cancer or history of cardiovascular disease. At the end of the study, about 8,700 people had died. After accounting for other factors like smoking, the researchers found that the risk of early death in coffee drinkers was 18% lower than non-drinkers. The risk of death was lowest for those who drank four to five cups of coffee per day. However, the study doesn’t prove that coffee extends life. The study was published in the American Journal of Epidemiology
Compound found in red wine and olive oil can prevent heart disease
A natural compound found in some red wines and olive oils can affect gut microbes in ways that could help in the prevention of heart disease in humans, claims a study. Researchers administered the compound called DMB targeting gut microbes in mice. DMB naturally occurs in some cold-pressed extra virgin olive oils, red wines, balsamic vinegars and grape seed oils. During the study it was found that it curbs atherosclerosis, or the hardening of the arteries, without causing any side-effects. DMB slows down the microbes’ production of another compound, called TMAO which is linked to increased risk of heart attack. The study was published in the journal Cell.
Environmental factors cause more cancer than genetic mutations
Environmental factors such as sunshine and tobacco smoke are responsible for more cancers than random DNA mutations, shows research. This refutes previous researches which claim unavoidable errors in gene coding were the main cause of cancer. Researchers found 70-90% cancer cases are caused by environmental factors such as ultraviolet radiation. Said Paul Pharaoh, a cancer epidemiology professor at Cambridge University, “These findings do not have any implications for cancer treatment, but they do tell us that most cancers would be preventable if we knew all of the extrinsic risk factors that cause disease." The study was published in the journal Nature.
Antibiotics can curb need for surgery for appendicitis in kids
Using antibiotics instead of surgery for children with appendicitis as the first recourse is safe and can lead to slightly better health outcomes, a study suggests. Appendicitis occurs due to inflammation of the appendix. The researchers screened 629 patients in the age group of 7-17 who came to the emergency room between October 2012 and March 2013 with appendicitis. Researchers found that 76% of children whose families chose antibiotic treatment for simple appendicitis, instead of going immediately for surgery, recovered without ever requiring surgery. The families also had a smaller healthcare bill than those which went for surgery. The study was published in JAMA Surgery.