In one of the first few scenes in the new film Mohandas, a feisty television news reporter tries to convince her editor to let her pursue the story of a man in Anuppur, Madhya Pradesh, who has “lost" his name, and subsequently, his identity. The editor is dismissive of her socialist zeal. “YehMunshi Premchand ka zamana nahin hai(This is not the era of Munshi Premchand)," he shrugs. But the reporter does not give up. She travels to Anuppur to find the real Mohandas, a young man in his 20s.

On location: The film was shot in UP’s Sonbhadra district, which borders MP, in 40 days

It’s a classic motif in Indian cinema: Man pitted against an unjust system. And sadly, never an obsolete one, although only a few film-makers have explored it in recent times. Mohandas, directed by Mazhar Kamran, uses it in the context of today’s India—where cities are undergoing concrete makeovers, urbanization is changing small towns, and the aspirations of rural and mofussil India are evolving rapidly. Until the 1990s, our cinema thrived on catharsis-inducing revenge of the underdog. If not revenge, poetic justice was always his. Many films by Bimal Roy, Raj Kapoor, Chetan Anand, Manmohan Desai, and later, parallel cinema directors such as Shyam Benegal and Govind Nihalani, had messages that reflected the dominant socialist ethos of the times. When Kamran decided to collaborate with his friend Uday Prakash, the critically acclaimed writer of Hindi short stories, for a screenplay of Prakash’s book of the same name, they consciously sought to expand the canvas of the real life story on which the book is based—that of Shobhalal of Gunwari in Madhya Pradesh— and not turn it into a morality tale with song and dance or a dark film about the oppressed poor.

In real life, Shobhalal got a job in a coal mine in his youth, but before he could join, his appointment letter disappeared and he later realized that one of his relatives had changed his name to Shobhalal and taken the job. Against many odds, Shobhalal proved his identity and got the job back. It took him about a decade.

The farcical, yet very real outlines of the story and what it said about India egged the writers on. “I wanted the film to have a sweep of the nation. Mohandas’ story has a trajectory that moves to the big city (Delhi). As a character, although he lives in a village and moves to a small town, he could be anywhere. The film is as much about the state of our country as about Mohandas," says Kamran.

It is Kamran’s first feature film.

Beginning in a village where Mohandas (Nakul Vaid) is born to a poor family, the action shifts to the town of Anuppur, where he gets a job with the Oriental Coal Mines. The film then moves to a newsroom in Delhi where Meghna (Sonali Kulkarni), the reporter, receives a videotape in which a harrowed Mohandas claims his identity has been stolen. Meghna travels to Anuppur and unearths the bizarrely sinister plot that Mohandas is a victim of. The imposter is another local (played by Sushant Singh). Along the way, as identities are unmasked, an activist lawyer (Aditya Srivastava) gets involved.

The film is worth a watch. Although its tone is overwhelmingly preachy in parts, Kamran captures the details of the mining town with care, creating a universe teeming with petty bureaucrats, political goons and the silent common man, and cloaked by white dust and concrete. The acting is competent—Nakul Vaid, who plays the lead, is an actor with promise. Prakash’s writing has satire and sarcasm.

Mohandas released in theatres on Friday.