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Carbohydrate diet more effective than animal protein diet to combat post-pregnancy diabetes risk

Taking more animal protein and less carbohydrate during pregnancy can increase the risk of diabetes, a study suggests. The researchers examined the responses of 4,500 women with a history of gestational diabetes who filled out dietary surveys between 1991 and 2001. They were divided into five groups based on the amount of carbohydrates and protein in their diet. The findings revealed the risk was smaller in women who took plant-based protein and fats in their diet and higher in women whose diet was high in animal proteins and low in carbohydrates. Animal protein increases concentration of branched-chain amino acids in the blood which slows blood’s ability to process insulin, which can lead to diabetes. The study was published in Diabetes Care. Read more here.

Depression and stress increases stroke risk in diabetics by 53%

Depression and stress in diabetes patients can increase risk of stroke and death from cardiovascular disease by 53%, warns an American study. Researchers from East Carolina University reviewed data on nearly 22,000 adults where 4,100 had diabetes. The average age of the participants was 64 years and 58% were females. The study revealed people with diabetes were more likely to die of cardiovascular disease if they suffered from stress or depression in comparison to diabetics without these mental health problems. Having both stress and depression at the same time increases the risk further, noted the study. The study was published in Diabetes Care. Read more here.

Obesity and lack of exercise can cause kidney stones

Obesity, high blood pressure and lack of exercise can lead to growth of kidney stones, claims a new study. Kidney stones occur when crystal deposits become stone-like lumps. The researchers reviewed data on 2,19,255 patients and found that people with METS are more likely to develop kidney stones. METS is a metabolic syndrome caused by a combination of obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol and high blood pressure. “Poor eating habits which involve excessive animal protein, salt and sugar intake fuel the build-up of chemicals in the urine which exacerbates stone formation," said Dr Bhaskar Somani from Southampton General Hospital. The researchers noted that adults can reduce the risk by drinking between two and three litres of water every day. The study was published in the Journal of Endourology. Read more here.

Tooth decay can be treated without drilling

Tooth decay can be stopped without the need of the traditional drill-and-fill practice that is commonly used, claims a study. Previous studies have showed that tooth decay is a slower process than believed. The researchers enlisted 1,000 people for the study and treated half of them with the conventional drill-and-fill method. The other half was treated using a Caries Management System, a preventive approach that focuses on home tooth brushing skills and restricts snacking and intake of sugary drinks between meals. After seven years, they found that the need for fillings was reduced by 30-50% in the preventive group. The study was published in Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. Read more here.

Compiled by Abhijit Ahaskar

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