Mumbai: India’s mobile-phone companies are paying a record 1.1 trillion to keep their networks running. It’s money well spent, if the stock market is any guide.

The MSCI India Telecom Services Index has rallied 14% from this year’s low on 9 March, the only gain among 10 industries, after losing 67% in the preceding decade. Local funds have increased holdings to the highest in 11 months, while BNP Paribas Asset Management’s top-performing Indian stock fund is bullish on the industry.

Bharti Airtel Ltd and Idea Cellular Ltd are rallying on optimism the expense of securing spectrum for 20 years will pay off as the world’s second-largest wireless market grows. Net incomes at the two companies have climbed at least seven times faster than the broader market over the past six quarters as smartphones costing less than $200 spur a jump in mobile-data use.

“In this desert of no earnings growth, telecom companies are the only ones whose profits are growing," Anand Shah, the chief investment officer at BNP Paribas Asset Management India, which has $2.1 billion under management and advisory, said in an interview in Mumbai on 29 April. “We’ve just scratched the surface as far as data is concerned."

Sensex retreat

Money managers have been piling into telecom companies amid a weakening outlook for other industries. The S&P BSE Sensex, one of Asia’s best performing stock indexes in 2014, tumbled to a six-month low on Thursday amid growing concern about Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ability to push through economic reforms.

Spending on the wireless spectrum was 68% higher than the base price set by the government, according to auction results released 26 March. Bharti, Idea and the UK’s Vodafone Group Plc retained airwaves that were up for renewal while also gaining spectrum that enables them to boost fourth-generation offerings.

“Your costs are fixed for the next 20 years even as the market continues to grow,’" Ajay Srivastava, a managing director at Dimensions Consulting Pvt., said by phone from Gurgaon, near New Delhi. “The industry is an oligopoly and the players have realized the Indian market is big enough to be shared among the three or four players."

Reliance Jio

Competition from billionaire Mukesh Ambani’s upstart operator Reliance Jio Infocomm Ltd may complicate the ability of carriers to raise rates in a market where calls cost less than one cent a minute, according to Birla Sun Life Asset Management Co.

Reliance Jio, set to start service later this year, has been buying airwaves since 2010.

“We’re not positive on the sector," Mahesh Patil, the co-chief investment officer at Birla Sun Life, which has $17.5 billion in assets, said in an interview in Mumbai.

Smartphone apps that allow free messaging and voice calls also threaten to eat into carriers’ revenue from traditional calls and texts, according to Kotak Institutional Equities.

“We have no clue of the distraction that could come in the form of technology," Sanjeev Prasad, the Singapore-based co- head and senior executive director at Kotak, said in an interview with Bloomberg TV on 15 April.

The BNP Paribas Equity Fund, which held 16% of its assets in Bharti and Idea on 31 March, has beaten 87% of its peers since 1 January, with a 3.2% gain, data compiled by Bloomberg show. The fund has returned 44% in the past 12 months. Local funds held 1.8% of their assets in phone companies at the end of March, the most since April 2014, data from the market regulator show.

Greater Internet access and rising smartphone ownership make the carriers a proxy for India’s consumer market, Dimensions’ Srivastava said. Data revenue for Bharti and Idea will grow at least 40% annually through March 2017, Mumbai-based brokerage ICICIdirect said in a 30 April report.

“The telecom industry has a terrific matrix emerging," Srivastava said. “Buy, close your eyes and just keep it." Bloomberg