India’s cotton output to rise 9.33%: USDA

India’s cotton output to rise 9.33%: USDA


New Delhi: India’s cotton output is projected to touch a record 23.9 million bales during 2007-08 marketing year on improved yield prospects in central and southern region, a United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) report said on 5 December.

It said the production forecast has been raised by 9.33% from last year after vetting the crop condition in major cotton growing states. The cotton yield prospects look bright in most growing areas because of good rains during September, USDA said.

According to the USDA report, cotton productivity in major growing states is estimated to go up in the range of 5-150 kg per hectare. Haryana is expected to witness the maximum increase in productivity with an estimated yield at 533 kg per hectare, up by 157 kg per hectare from last year, the report said. Next in the list is Maharashtra, whose cotton yield is projected to go up by 119 kg per hectare to 331 kg per hectare.

In Andhra Pradesh, it would increase by 95 kg per hectare to 620 kg per hectare and in Punjab, the yield would rise by 72 kg per hectare to 682 kg per hectare, USDA said. The department said the cumulative increase in cotton yield per hectare in India during 2007-08 is estimated to go up by 79 kg per hectare to 546 kg per hectare.

However, there have been some reports of damage due to heavy rains and minor pest (white fly and mealy bug) infestations in the north especially in Punjab, Haryana and some pockets in Gujarat, the report stated.

Nevertheless, improved yield prospects in the major rainfed cotton growing belt in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka will more than offset these losses, it added.