Mumbai: One of India’s largest bond investors, Birla Sun Life Mutual Fund, has stacked up holdings of longer-dated paper in a bold, contrarian bet that central bank policymakers are wrong to expect an acceleration in inflation.
Valued at around Rs13 lakh crore ($201.68 billion), Birla’s “dynamic debt" fund now holds 40% of its portfolio in government bonds maturing in 2045, up from 35.9% in February, according to its website.
The bias towards the long-end becomes even more pronounced as the second and third biggest holdings are in bonds maturing in 2044 and 2029, that account for 15% and 7% of its portfolio, respectively. Birla does not disclose how profitable its holdings have been.
Elsewhere, investors have moved the other way, selling long-term debt after the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) stunned investors in February by changing its stance to “neutral" from “accommodative" due to fears of inflation.
The RBI doubled down on its stance in April, even raising fears of interest rate hikes, after it warned that inflation could accelerate due to a combination of poor monsoon rains, planned hikes in wages for government employees, and the introduction of a national goods and services tax (GST) next month.
Birla believes those fears are overblown and is betting the RBI, which holds its next bimonthly policy review on Wednesday, will eventually reverse its view as consumer price inflation has remained below a 4% target.
Inflation eased to 2.99% in April, while economic growth has expanded much more slowly than expected.
“Inflation has been undershooting RBI’s 4% target consistently," Maneesh Dangi, co-chief investment officer at Birla Sun Life Asset Management Company, told Reuters.
“We continue to expect the RBI to cut rates going ahead. Sooner they do it the better."
Expecting global oil prices to remain subdued and structural changes in the Indian economy to keep food supplies plentiful enough to defuse risks of a food price spike, Dangi expects inflation under 3% in April to September, below the RBI’s projection of 4.5%.
He also expects demand to stay weak due to tepid economic growth—a view he said was reinforced after data last week showed gross domestic product expanding at much slower-than-expected 6.1% in January-March.
“None of the upside risks to inflation that RBI pointed out has materialised," he said. “So, where is this concern coming from?"
“Right now, all data is still supportive for our original thesis to play out."
More analysts appear to be coming round to Dangi’s way of thinking. A Reuters poll last week showed that the RBI will likely hold rates on Wednesday but soften its hawkish statements on inflation.
The benchmark 5-year overnight indexed swap has eased to 6.49% since the inflation data on 12 May, down from 6.83% in early May, a move that traders say reflects that chances of an interest rate cut, rather than a rate hike, are increasing.
There is also more demand, albeit tentative, for longer-dated debt, with the yield on the most-liquid 6.79% 2029 bond recovering 19 basis points since the inflation data.
But many traders believe it is premature to judge whether the RBI would be willing to cut rates after just recently changing its stance to “neutral," and are reluctant to chase aggressive positions in debt markets.
“We don’t expect the RBI to change its stance so soon," said Anand Bagri, head of domestic markets at Ratnakar Bank Ltd. Reuters