Pick a number. It’s earnings season in cashless India, thanks to Modi
Singapore: While ATMs in India are still waiting to get refilled, analysts’ spreadsheets are finally getting populated. The high-frequency statistics they need to weigh the impact of the country’s bizarre currency ban are slowly trickling in. By the looks of things, some earnings forecasts may escape with just a trim; others may need the slash-and-burn treatment.
Sample two pieces of data from Tuesday: a 19% drop in auto sales in December, and a 61% plunge in new apartment launches in the fourth quarter. The former is the sharpest fall in 16 years; the latter is the worst performance in six years, according to Knight Frank.
While that gives a handle on big-ticket consumption, there’s still much uncertainty in everyday consumer goods. Analysts at Elara Securities India Pvt. Ltd like companies such as Hindustan Unilever Ltd and Godrej Consumer Products Ltd because they rely least on wholesalers to sell food, soap and hair colour. Nevertheless, third-quarter earnings are unlikely to have been great for consumer staples.
Reaching shop shelves in a country of 1.2 billion people was never easy. It’s bound to have gotten costlier after the government summarily outlawed 86% of the country’s legal tender.
By the end of last quarter, Reserve Bank of India (RBI) had managed to replenish only about half the currency that circulated before the 8 November shock. The rest has gone to banks, but deposits can’t yet be freely exchanged into cash, and that’s problematic for cash-only retailers. They’re being forced to sell on credit. Higher working capital costs are getting passed on to consumer-goods makers at a time when commodity prices are rising. Protecting volumes might mean sacrificing margins. Or vice versa.
The squeeze isn’t restricted to staples and retail. Even after letting go of workers, small businesses are finding it hard to cope. So they’re skimping on debt repayment.
Rating company ICRA, a Moody’s affiliate, tracks 23 loan pools in which borrowers are typically from industries such as auto ancillaries, textiles and plastics, and the ticket size of debt is up to $22,000. The collection efficiency of these pools slid from 95% in October to 83% in November. If this leads to a tightening of credit standards, the effects could linger even after the economy has all the cash it needs. That would delay rehiring, and blunt the edge of a much-anticipated cut in the central bank’s benchmark rate.
The analysis profession is handicapped: There’s nothing in its toolkit to foretell the dynamics unleashed when buyers want to buy and sellers want to sell, but purchasers don’t have enough legal tender. The sharpest earnings downgrades since 8 November have been in real estate, consumer discretionary goods, telecommunications and banking. Donald Trump’s election victory and fears of tighter visa norms in the US have led to a (much milder) decline in Indian software and technology companies’ profit estimates for 2017.
Still, the most honest guess on Indian corporate earnings is perhaps to be found in the title of a recent Jefferies report: “Heaven Only Knows.” Bloomberg