The alchemy of Hindu-Muslim riots in India
New research points to the role of increasing affluence among Muslims in driving conflicts and the role of the Congress party in reducing them
Twenty-two years ago, a mosque in Ayodhya was demolished by militant Hindus. Indian society and polity have never been the same since. The demolition of the Babri Masjid on 6 December 1992 sparked nationwide riots, and helped the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) emerge as a national force. Since then, the segregation of Muslims, especially in urban India, has only increased, and Hindu-Muslim differences have formed the backdrop of many heated political exchanges and electoral contests.