IITs to ITIs—Modi’s voucher revolution in skill development?
The Modi govt is launching a voucher-based vocational educational scheme that could transform India if executed well
After independence, India prioritized professional higher education for a tiny section of the population over mass primary, secondary and vocational education. The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) were created but since the economy remained strangulated by state control, India could not absorb such technical talent. Large numbers of IITians emigrated, contributing to the growth of freer economies such as the US. This certainly had spillover benefits for India, but it remains questionable if the prioritization away from mass education was a wise decision.