Effective policies can ensure that states and Union territories' incremental spending goes to health, but also enhances value for money
Investing in the health system not only saves lives, it is also a crucial investment in the wider economy. This is because ill-health impairs productivity, hinders job prospects and adversely affects human capital development. There has been a strong political and historical commitment to treating health as a social goal either through legislation or mandating and prioritizing expenditure on health. For instance, the governments of Brazil, Costa Rica and Thailand have established social security and health insurance systems for the entire population. The key question is while it is universally accepted that health is a noble and worthwhile investment, how can we demonstrate value for money, especially in areas that compete for government funding?