Henry Kissinger's new book World Order lists and explains at length the reasons for our increasingly anarchic world
It is hard for anyone born in the 21st century to appreciate the dangers of a nuclear war. Ask anyone born in the second half of the last century and the answer you get will be different. Each age has its own defining insecurities. Much earlier, in late 15th century, the German painter and engraver Albrecht Dürer listed war, famine, pestilence and death in a famous woodcut called The Four Horsemen of Apocalypse. Nearly 150 years after Dürer’s engraving, Europe took a big step toward reducing warfare. In a series of peace treaties signed in 1648, it ushered the modern international system where states and not kings and dynasties became the arbiters of peace and war. Religious wars slowly became history and modern ideas to regulate international relations—equality of states, balance of power, realism and limits to what states could do—took root. Since then, through two World Wars, innumerable small ones and the age of nuclear weapons, this system has survived. Until now that is.
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