Is the Rajya Sabha essential?
The bicameral nature of the Parliament is likely to be interpreted as a 'basic structure' of the Indian Constitution, rendering it incapable of being amended
The Upper House of the Indian Parliament traces its direct history to the first bicameral legislature introduced in British India in 1919 as a consequence of the Montagu-Chelmsford reforms. The Council of State, as it was called then, was made up of 60 members, 34 of whom were Indian and elected by a narrow and elite group. There were no women in the council and the direct election was conducted under a framework of communal franchise that the Indian National Congress opposed vehemently.