Bhopal and the anti-Sikh riots are two violent memories from 1984. Their bitter after-taste lingers on
India in 1984 witnessed two towering calamities. Both were man-made and both were marked by unconscionable state betrayals. A month after the killing of 3,000 Sikhs in the worst single episode of targeted communal violence in Delhi, a poisonous gas leak from a Bhopal factory into a sleeping city killed, according to one official estimate 15,000 people over the years, and left a long bitter trail of chronic ailments in numerous people among an estimated half million exposed to the poisonous gas. Three decades later, these colossal catastrophes continue to cause suffering from unimaginable psychological and physiological damage to survivors and their children. It also exposes the callous and persisting state neglect and indifference, and spectacular failure of justice.