The cycles of distress in Indian agriculture
The anniversaries of the Champaran agitation led by Mahatma Gandhi and the Naxalbari uprising provide an opportunity to refocus on structural challenges in agriculture
It is now 100 years since Mahatma Gandhi mobilized the indigo cultivators of Bihar’s Champaran district. This was his first mass political protest after his return from South Africa. It is also 50 years since the peasants of Naxalbari in West Bengal began their violent uprising against landlords. The Chinese Communist Party said at the time: “A peal of spring thunder has crashed over the land of India".
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