Who is the Maharashtra MLA?

A data analysis of the new members of the state assembly

The dominant personality in the Maharashtra assembly is male, poorly educated, rich and named in a criminal case. Here’s how the Maharashtra MLA batch of 2014 breaks down on five key indicators, across 288 constituencies and the four major parties.

Gender

The Maharashtra assembly elections were a poor example of gender representation. There are only 20 women among the 288 MLAs, or 6.9%.

•Only 138 women, or 8% of all candidates, entered the fray in Maharashtra. Congress led with 27 women candidates, followed by the Bharatiya Janata Party with 23, the Nationalist Congress Party with 13 and the Shiv Sena with 9.

•BJP women candidates delivered a 48% success rate, with 11 of the 23 getting elected. Congress had 5 winning women candidates, NCP 3 and the Shiv Sena none.

•Only two women, both from the BJP, featured in the list of top 15 victory margins: Madhuri Satish Misal from Parvati constituency (winning margin of 36.4%) and Medha Vishram Kulkarni from Kothrud constituency (32.8%).

•Seven of the 20 women MLAs have criminal cases against them. The maximum is against the MLA from Ulhasnagar, Jyoti Pappu Kalani of NCP (10 cases).

Education

The good news: 54% of the elected MLAs are graduates and above. The bad news: 43% of the MLAs have studied only till school.

•While 41% of the candidates were graduates or more, this set accounts for 54% of the elected MLAs.

•Women MLAs are better educated than their male peers. Fourteen out of the 20 elected women MLAs, or 70%, are graduates or postgraduates.

•Among major parties, the BJP and the Congress lead in terms of percentage of their MLAs being graduates and postgraduates, with 59.5% from each. This figure for the NCP is 51.2% and for the Shiv Sena 43.5%.

Criminal Cases

Criminal cases did not play a major role with the electorate: 58% of the winners have declared criminal cases against them (against 30% at the candidate level).

•According to the Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR), 39% of winners have declared serious criminal cases (against 21% at the candidate level).

•At 64.3%, the Congress has the highest percentage of MLAs with no declared criminal case. At 24.6%, the Shiv Sena has the lowest percentage of MLAs with no declared criminal case.

•60 MLAs—including 29 from the BJP and 17 the from Shiv Sena—have more than five criminal cases against them.

•The MLAs with maximum number of criminal cases against them are Sadanand Shankar Sarvankar from Mahim and Suresh Urf Balubhau Narayan Dhanorkar from Warora. They are both from the Shiv Sena and have 27 cases each against them. Next is Devendra Fadnavis, BJP MLA from Nagpur South West, with 22 cases.

Net Worth

Money matters: 83.7% of the Maharashtra MLAs have a net worth of more than Rs1 crore.

•Among major parties, the NCP leads the way in net worth: 37 of its 41 MLAs, or 95%, have a net worth of more than Rs1 crore, followed by the Congress (88%), Shiv Sena (82%) and BJP (79%).

•23% of the MLAs have a net worth of above Rs10 crore. Once again, the NCP leads major parties, with 33% of its MLAs featuring in the above Rs10 crore net worth bracket.

•Abu Asim Azmi, the Samajwadi Party MLA from Mankhurd Shivaji Nagar, is the richest, with a net worth of Rs149 crore.

•In the top 10 list of MLAs with the highest net worth, five are from the BJP.

Margin of Victory

Because of the pre-poll splits between the two major alliances, Shiv Sena-BJP and Congress-NCP, the votes were fractured: 31% of seats were decided by a margin of below 5%.

•The NCP won nearly half of its seats by less than 5%. Likewise, the Shiv Sena won about one-third of its seats by a slender margin of below 5%.

•The Congress won 43% of its seats with a margin of 5-10%.

•BJP received the most thumping mandates, winning 31% of its seats by a margin of above 20%.

John Samuel Raja D is the co-founder of howindialives.com, a start-up that aims to make public data more accessible to decision-makers.

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