New Delhi: India’s total carbon emission marked an increase of 1.57%, from 15.39 million tonnes in 2012 to 15.63 million tonnes in 2013, the government told the Lok Sabha on Monday.

While replying to questions, civil aviation minister Pusapati Ashok Gajapathi Raju said the rise in carbon emission was attributed to the introduction of new routes for airlines and an overall increase in aircraft movement. However, he also said, “The total emission of 15.63 million tonnes in 2013 represents less than 1% of India’s anthropogenic emissions, which is significantly lower than the corresponding global average of 2-3%."

Though overall aircraft and passenger movements have increased in 2013 in comparison with 2012, an overall decrease in carbon emission per aircraft and carbon emission per passenger have been observed, the minister said.

As per the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol, developing countries such as India have no legal bindings on reducing their carbon emissions, he said.

However, the Directorate General of Civil Aviation has issued various aviation environment circulars recommending creation of aviation environment cells in airlines, aerodrome operators and air navigation service provider organizations in order to address aviation environmental issue, usage of single engine taxi-in and taxi-out procedures at airports, besides other measures. “Apart from this, airlines and airports are directed to submit fuel and electricity consumption data on a regular basis and develop their own carbon footprint. Four Indian airports are participating in airport carbon accreditation," he said.

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