New Delhi: The G20 Summit began on Friday in this Hamburg as world leaders assembled to discuss fight against terrorism and ways to improve open trade while Prime Minister Narendra Modi met his counterparts from the BRICS bloc.

While host German Chancellor Angela Merkel welcomed the leaders to open the 12th G20 Summit, a separate meeting of BRICS leaders took place on the sidelines.

Outside the summit venue, violent protests continued by various rights groups, including anti-capitalist groupings. The police had to resort to water canons, tear gas and pepper spray.

Modi reached here last evening and has bilateral meetings lined up with various leaders, including from Japan, South Korea and Vietnam.

Here are the latest updates and developments from the 12th G20 Summit in Hamburg, Germany:

■ Rise in protectionism threatens gains from globalisation: PM Modi at G20 Summit. (PTI)

■ Demonetisation has dealt a blow to corruption, enlarged the formal economy, says Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the G20 Summit. (PTI)

■ Chinese President Xi Jinping today urged the BRICS countries to push for “peaceful settlement" of regional disputes, amidst a standoff between India and China in Sikkim and Beijing’s growing assertiveness in the disputed South and East China seas. (PTI)

■ Prime Minister Narendra Modi said today that it was “mandatory" to implement the consensus of the Paris agreement on climate change, weeks after the US decided to pull out of the landmark deal. He also asserted that India will implement the accord in “letter and spirit". (PTI)

■ Some nations using terrorism for achieving political goals, says PM Narendra Modi at G-20 Summit, in an apparent reference to Pakistan. (PTI)

■ Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau told a German newspaper on Friday the leaders of G20 countries meeting in Hamburg would tell US President Donald Trump he should take the lead in addressing climate change. (Reuters)

■ US First Lady Melania Trump was stuck inside her guesthouse in Hamburg on Friday because of anti-G20 protests, her spokeswoman said. A programme of events in the northern German city involving Trump and other spouses of political leaders has had to be severely curtailed because of the demonstrations. (AFP)

■ Prime Minister Narendra Modi today “appreciated" momentum in the BRICS bloc under the Chinese chairmanship and extended full cooperation for the grouping’s upcoming summit to be hosted by Beijing.

Speaking at an informal meeting of BRICS leaders here on the sidelines of the G20 Summit, Modi also called upon the group leaders to show leadership in fighting terrorism and boosting global economic growth. (PTI)

Chinese President Xi Jinping, speaking right after Modi, also appreciated the momentum witnessed at the BRICS bloc during India’s chairmanship before it was passed on to China.

■ G20 leaders meeting in Hamburg will seek to persuade US President Donald Trump to rejoin the 2015 Paris climate change accord, British Prime Minister Theresa May said today.

“I believe it is possible. We’re not renegotiating the Paris Agreement — that stays. But I want to see the United States looking for ways to rejoin it," May told the BBC as the two-day summit began in the German port city. (PTI)

■ Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese president Xi Jinping today shook hands and had a conversation on a “range of issues" during the BRICS leaders’ informal meeting here amid a stand-off between the armies of the two countries in the Sikkim section.

■ Prime Minister Narendra Modi calls for collective crackdown on terror safe havens as well as those supporting and sponsoring terrorism.

■ PM Modi supports “collective voice" against protectionism, especially regarding skilled professionals, at BRICS leaders meet.

■ PM Modi promises full cooperation and best wishes to Chinese President Xi Jinping for the upcoming BRICS Summit in China.

At home, Congress vice-president Rahul Gandhi asks: Why is prime minister silent on China?

■ PM Modi calls for expediting efforts to establish BRICS rating agency.

■ Chinese president Xi Jinping appreciates India’s strong resolve against terrorism and success on economic growth: MEA.

■ PM Modi will participate in the leaders’ retreat and the sessions on Global Growth and Trade and on Sustainable Development, Climate and Energy. Later in the evening, he will attend a concert for leaders at Elphilharmonie.

■ Nearly 4,800 journalists from more than 67 countries are covering the event. Fighting terrorism, climate change and global trade are expected to be the key areas of discussion at the two-day Summit, whose theme is ‘Shaping an Inter-connected World’.

■ The meet is taking place at a time when differences have emerged among several leaders expected to be present—mostly on publicly stated views of US President Donald Trump—including on issues like climate change and open trade.

■ While Hamburg happens to be city of birth for the Summit host Merkel, it is also known as an ‘anti-establishment bastion’ of Left-wing radicals. At least 30 protests are expected to be held here ahead of the Summit that may attract thousands of people, including from anti-capitalist groups.

Local authorities expect these protests to remain peaceful and around 15,000 police personnel have been deployed to protect the venue. Besides, nearly 4,000 personnel will keep a tab on the airport and train security.

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