Govt approves construction of Zoji La tunnel to connect Leh and Srinagar

Zoji La tunnel from Srinagar will provide year-round connectivity for the Indian Army to Leh that remains cut off from the rest of the country for six months in a year

Elizabeth Roche, Prashant K. Nanda, Jyotika Sood
Updated4 Jan 2018
Currently, Leh is connected to mainland India by two roads—through the Zoji La pass from Srinagar and second through the Rohtang Pass from Manali—both of which provide fragile connectivity. Photo: Ramesh Pathania/Mint
Currently, Leh is connected to mainland India by two roads—through the Zoji La pass from Srinagar and second through the Rohtang Pass from Manali—both of which provide fragile connectivity. Photo: Ramesh Pathania/Mint

New Delhi: India on Wednesday approved a strategic road transport project to boost all-weather connectivity between key sectors of Srinagar, Kargil and Leh in a bid to better secure its borders in Jammu and Kashmir.

The cabinet committee on economic affairs (CCEA), at a meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, approved the construction, operation and maintenance of the two-lane, bi-directional Zoji La tunnel in engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) mode.

Security experts say that the new project will provide year-round access to the Leh region, which gets cut off due to bad weather in winter, allowing Indian security forces to check infiltration and stock up on crucial supplies and ammunition.

“The main objective of the project is to provide all-whether connectivity to the strategically important Leh region in Jammu and Kashmir which at the moment is limited to at best six months because of snow on the passes and threat of avalanches,” said a CCEA statement.

Minister for road transport and highways Nitin Gadkari said the project was crucial for two reasons—“for the defence personnel who can easily commute to Leh all year round” and “for connecting J&K with Leh which remains cut off from the country for six months in a year. Had the Zoji La Tunnel been constructed (earlier), India could have evaded the Kargil War,” he said, referring to the May-July 1999 conflict between India and Pakistan.

Syed Ata Hasnain, a retired lieutenant general who headed the Srinagar-based 15-Corps, a military command of the Indian Army said, “Strategically India stands to gain militarily in its overall capability to secure the Lima (Leh) sector 365 days of the year, besides optimally enhancing the administration and logistics for the civil administration of Ladakh”.

“Currently, Leh is connected to mainland India by two roads—first through the Zoji La pass from Srinagar and second through the Rohtang Pass from Manali. Both roads provide fragile connectivity,” he added.

“The provision of all-weather connectivity between Lima (Leh) sector and the rest of India... will enable an optimization of resources and spare crucial air transport effort for other sectors,” Hasnain explained.

The project will be implemented by the ministry of road transport and highways through the National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corp. Ltd.

Hasnain said Doklam standoff had only made India more aware of the possibility of China intimidating India on various border issues in the future, referring to the 73-day military stand-off between India and China in 2017.

India has been making efforts to speed up strategic road connectivity and border infrastructure projects and has been ensuring quick green clearances for such projects. India has border disputes with Pakistan and China.

The move also underlines New Delhi’s effort to bring restive Kashmir closer to the rest of the country. “The project has strategic and socioeconomic importance and shall be an instrument for the development of the economically backward districts in Jammu & Kashmir,” CCEA said in a statement.

Hasnain also pointed out that the move will boost tourism in the region and, in turn, improve the local economy.

The project will be built over a seven-year period at a cost of Rs6,808.69 crore. This includes the cost of land acquisition, resettlement and rehabilitation of the displaced and other pre-construction activities as well as maintenance and operational costs of the tunnel for four years, the CCEA said.

Mayank Aggarwal contributed to this story.

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