Metro rail systems should be driven by city governments and they should be stakeholders in the project
Metro rail projects have hitherto been launched without significant thought going into long-term viability and sustainability. The Delhi Metro was born out of urgency, and is, therefore, fully government-funded. However, like Delhi, it is noteworthy that other Indian cities have grown organically —even beyond their carrying capacity—in size and demography, and so cannot be said to be in an early stage of development. Most have inadequate infrastructure and do not have organized urban transport systems. Hence, what needs to be done is unique—retrofitting of urban rapid transport systems in dense old cities. This makes Metro planning critical and even challenging.