New Delhi/United Nations:The Paris agreement on climate change will enter into force on November 4 as enough countries have signed onto the landmark accord to bring it to the emissions threshold that will trigger its implementation, United Nations chief Ban Ki-moon said.
“This is a momentous occasion," secretary-general said after the deal was ratified by 72 countries accounting for more than 56% of global greenhouse gas emissions. “Global momentum for the Paris agreement to enter into force in 2016 has been remarkable. What once seemed unthinkable is now unstoppable. Strong international support for the Paris agreement entering into force is a testament to the urgency for action, and reflects the consensus of governments that robust global cooperation, grounded in national action, is essential to meet the climate challenge," he added.
India had ratified the Paris climate agreement on 2 October, becoming the 62nd country to deposit its legal instrument of ratification for the climate pact and bringing the global pact “tantalizingly" close to entering into force. Ban had “warmly" congratulated India for ratifying and formally joining the Paris agreement, and had said India’s leadership moves the world an important step closer toward the 55% threshold needed for the historic agreement’s entry into force this year.
India accounts for 4.1% of the emissions and after it joined the agreement, the Paris pact had needed slightly more than three percentage points to reach the 55% threshold to enter into force.
The requirements for entry into force were satisfied on Wednesday when Austria, Bolivia, Canada, France, Germany, Hungary, Malta, Nepal, Portugal and Slovakia, as well as the European Union, deposited their instruments of ratification with the secretary-general.
The agreement will now enter into force in time for the climate conference (COP 22) in Morocco in November, where countries will convene the first meeting of the parties to the agreement. Countries that have not yet joined may participate as observers. The UN Chief, however, cautioned that the work of implementing the agreement still lay ahead.
“Now we must move from words to deeds and put Paris into action. We need all hands on deck—every part of society must be mobilised to reduce emissions and help communities adapt to inevitable climate impacts," he said. “I urge all governments and all sectors of society to implement the Paris agreement in full and to take urgent action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, strengthen climate resilience, and support the most vulnerable in adapting to inevitable climate impacts," he added.