New Delhi: A large coalition of developing nations on Wednesday warned that attempts by developed nations to share the burden of global climate finance equally among all nations is a violation of rules and will threaten the possibility of a new climate agreement in Paris.

The group, which includes India, wants developed nations to shoulder a bigger share of the burden.

The G77 and China said in a statement that climate finance is a legal obligation under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and is neither “aid" nor “charity".

The group, which now includes over 100 developing countries, issued the statement after the US and partner countries proposed equal contribution from developing countries towards climate finance on the second day of the Paris climate talks.

In 2009, industrialised countries committed to give $100 billion every year by 2020 to help developing countries cut carbon emissions and adapt to climate change. However, the developed world is far from the target and has not even committed to a road map for the same.

India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi too has emphasised that climate finance is an integral part of the overall agreement that India is looking at from Paris.

“The G77 and China stresses that nothing under the UNFCCC can be achieved without the provision of means of implementation to enable developing countries to play their part to address climate change. However, clarity on the complete picture of the financial arrangements for the enhanced implementation of the convention keeps on eluding us," said ambassador Nozipho Joyce Mxakato-Diseko from South Africa, on behalf of G77 and China.

She reminded the developed world that under UNFCCC, it is obliged to provide financial resources, including technology transfer and capacity building, to all developing countries.

“This is a legal obligation under the convention. It is neither ‘aid’ nor ‘charity’, nor is it the same as development assistance. Finance support from developed countries relates to the impacts of historical emissions, which will only get worse with time for developing countries. The group is, therefore, concerned about the introduction of new language, which has no basis in the convention, such as “parties in a position to do so" and “dynamism" that do not take into account responsibility for historical emissions," Mxakato-Diseko said in a statement.

“Despite not having a finance obligation under the convention, developing countries are already making significant contributions towards the global effort through the implementation of climate actions," she said, seeking recognition of the value of actions financed voluntarily by developing countries.

“It is now time for all developed country parties to convert their pledges to the Green Climate Fund (GCF) into contribution agreements, as well as scaling up commitments in the ADP process. We also need to find a solution for the adaptation fund, as well as the issue of its resourcing in the Paris agreement," she stressed.

ADP (Ad-hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform) is a track of negotiations within the UNFCCC mandated to produce the draft of the Paris agreement which will be accepted by all 196 countries by end of Paris climate summit. It was formed at CoP17 in 2011 at the Durban climate summit.

The group also cautioned against a “piecemeal approach with regard to climate finance and one-off announcements".

It warned that “any attempt to replace the core obligation of developed countries to provide financial support to developing countries with a number of arbitrarily identified economic conditions is a violation of the rule-based multilateral process and threatens an outcome here in Paris".

The G77 dismissed arguments of the developed world, especially the US, which has said that the world has changed since the UNFCCC was adopted in 1992 and some of its members have seen dramatic economic development gains and hence, the pool of donors to climate finance should be expanded.

“Differentiation (between developing and developed countries) is therefore not just a finance issue, but about the overall Paris outcome. The specific outcomes on finance must also not impose on our sovereignty and should not override or displace the zero poverty goals," she added.

The group demanded that the Paris outcome must provide clarity on the level of financial support that will be provided by developed countries to developing countries and stated that a substantial increase of finance from the 2020 base level of $100 billion per year is required.

The group also sought discussion of “provision of finance support in its broadest sense in a coherent and comprehensive manner that responds to the actual needs of developing countries to implement actions that are required to address climate change".

India’s environment minister Prakash Javadekar, however, chose to steer clear of the issue.

“As far as climate talks are concerned, I am taking a daily review of what is going on. This is not the stage where we can make a comment. In the last session, when the negotiators complete it on 5 December, it will be good to talk about it then. At present, there are 1,400 brackets in the text of 54 pages. So, let that be narrowed down and we know India’s position and we will preserve it. We want any new position in Paris to be under the convention with the CBDR (common but differentiated responsibilities) principle intact, providing us an opportunity for development and allowing us the carbon space that is required. Finance and technology are two important aspects. The developed world will have to complete the $100 billion-per-year commitment," Javadekar said.

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