New Delhi / Singapore: Countries are hoping a broader climate pact will be signed at the end of the year in Copenhagen to replace the United Nations’ Kyoto Protocol. But negotiations have become deeply polarized. Developing nations say rich states are responsible for most of the greenhouse gas pollution emitted since the Industrial Revolution and that poverty alleviation and economic growth are priorities.

Rich nations point to rapid emissions growth in major developing states such as India, China and Brazil and say they must agree to steps to curb their carbon pollution to limit how much the world warms in coming decades.

“We are prepared to do even more if an equitable and supportive global climate regime is put in place at Copenhagen," said Shyam Saran, the Prime Minister’s special envoy on climate change, pointing to India’s efforts to pursue renewable energy and other steps to cut emissions.

Saran denied developing nations were split in their negotiation positions for a new climate agreement.

“The Group of 77 plus China has a good record of coming out with well-reasoned and coordinated positions even though on some specific issues our perspectives may be somewhat different," he said.

But India’s environment minister Jairam Ramesh will soon visit China, Brazil and South Africa to try to coordinate a negotiating stance, he recently told Parliament.

“America has got a lot of money, muscle power and there is a possibility that India maybe is left out as the lone voice (in Copenhagen)," said Sunita Narain, head of the New Delhi-based Centre for Science and Environment. “I completely condemn the US effort to create a wedge in the developing world. It doesn’t ever want a strong multilateral agreement."

Saran said it was a “misleading perception" that India was in danger of becoming a lone voice in climate talks and also urged the US to take the lead in development and deployment of climate-friendly technologies.