New Delhi: The finance ministry on Friday sought Parliament’s approval for a net additional expenditure of 56,848.46 crore, which will take the fiscal deficit way past the budgeted 4.6% of gross domestic product (GDP).

Submitting the second supplementary demand for grants, the ministry projected a gross additional expenditure of 63,180.24 crore. Out of that, the government plans to meet 6,330.8 crore of expenditure through savings on the money already allocated to various departments.

“As there is no revenue buoyancy, the government has to meet the additional expenditure through higher market borrowing," he said. Concerns of additional government borrowing pushed up yields in the government securities market. The yield on the 10-year benchmark paper rose to 8.84% in intra-day trading before ending the day at 8.81%, higher than Thursday’s close of 8.79%.

In the first supplementary demand for grants in August, the government had projected an additional gross expenditure of 34,724 crore, entailing a net cash outgo of 9,016.06 crore.

In September, the government announced that it will borrow an additional 52,872 crore from the market in the second half of 2011-12, raising its borrowing programme for the fiscal to 4.7 trillion.

The government had budgeted to borrow 4.17 trillion for the current fiscal. The government, which has already borrowed 2.5 trillion in the first half of the fiscal, will now borrow 2.2 trillion in the second half. Crisil has projected the fiscal deficit at 5.2% of GDP, which may need to be revised upwards, Joshi said.

M. Govinda Rao, director at the National Institute of Public Finance and Policy, said he expects the fiscal deficit at 5.5% of GDP for the current fiscal.

On Tuesday, finance minister Pranab Mukherjee said the government will find it hard to meet the 4.6% target in the year to March because any belt-tightening may hit jobs and slow economic growth even further. The economy is expected to grow 7.6% this year, down from 8.5% in the last fiscal.

“This is a difficult target, given the deterioration in the global economy and its impact on India over the last three-four months," Mukherjee told the Lok Sabha. “We have to be careful not to overdo ourselves in reaching this target, since that can have an excessive slowing-down impact on growth."

asit.m@livemint.com

PTI contributed to this story.

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