An 19th century legislation to promote commercial interests of the British was amended to include social impact assessments only in 2007
The first land acquisition legislation in India was enacted by the British government in 1824. Called the Bengal Resolution I of 1824, the law applied “to the whole of Bengal province subject to the presidency of Fort William." The law enabled the government to “obtain, at a fair valuation, land or other immovable property required for roads, canals or other public purposes." In 1850, the British extended the regulation to Calcutta (now Kolkata), through another legislation, the Act I of 1850, with “the object of confirming the title to lands in Calcutta for public purposes".