Oil ministry to cut subsidy burden of ONGC, adjust its cess payment2 min read . Updated: 08 Dec 2014, 02:24 PM IST
The payout of upstream oil producers like ONGC is to be reduced to the extent of Rs4,500 per tonne oil development cess they pay to the govt
New Delhi: In a big boost to Oil and Natural Gas Corp. (ONGC), the Oil ministry is reworking the fuel subsidy sharing formula to cut its payout by a quarter through adjustment of statutory oil cess against its share. According to a new subsidy sharing formula, the payout of upstream oil producers like ONGC is to be reduced to the extent of ₹ 4,500 per tonne oil development cess they pay to the government, sources privy to the development said.
The move to lessen the subsidy burden will give a flip to government’s plan to sell 5% stake in ONGC to garner about ₹ 17,000 crore. The cess in current fiscal will total ₹ 10,500 crore and after accounting for ₹ 31,926 crore that upstream firms ONGC and Oil India Ltd (OIL) have already paid in fuel subsidy in first half, their payout in remainder of the current fiscal will be no more than ₹ 8,000 crore. Upstream producers like ONGC met nearly half of the revenue loss or under-recoveries that fuel retailers incurred on selling cooking fuel and diesel until recently at government controlled rates.
This dole, which was in the form of deep discounts on oil ONGC sold to refineries, had strained its balance sheet as its net realisation fell below the economic cost of oil. Sources said subsidy burden on upstream oil companies has increased from ₹ 32,000 crore or 30% of the total under-recovery in 2008-09 to ₹ 67,021 crore (48% of the total under-recovery) in 2013-14. In 2013-14, ONGC paid a record ₹ 56,384 crore subsidy, which this fiscal is likely to come down to around ₹ 32,000 crore.
This has significantly constrained the capacity of these companies to increase their exploration efforts in difficult areas, thereby adversely affecting the country’s domestic oil production. The Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) had in its report on pricing mechanism earlier this year stated that the combined effect of cess and discount had resulted in margin per barrel of crude from nomination blocks of ONGC being much lower than private sector fields.
The report had also pointed out that the uncertainty in the mechanism of funding under-recoveries would place public sector upstream companies at a relatively disadvantageous position. Sources said the ministry wants the cess being collected by the government from the nominated fields of the public sector upstream oil companies be considered part of the subsidy burden share borne by ONGC and OIL. Thus the upstream share would reduce to the extent of cess being paid by them to the government.