New Delhi: Nearly two and half years after declaring a comprehensive list of goals to tackle climate change post 2020, the environment ministry has called for a series of studies from research organizations to develop a roadmap for the effective and efficient implementation of these goals.
In the run-up to the Paris Climate Summit in December 2015, countries across the world outlined these climate actions, known as Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). In October 2015, India too announced its INDCs promising a series of actions across the sectors.
Following this, India’s ministry of environment, forest and climate change (MoEFCC) has now called for studies from research organizations and institutions “working in the climate change domain and expertise for developing roadmaps" for five such actions promised under India’s INDCs. MoEFCC has called for proposals by 27 March. Once selected, the institutes will have to complete their studies within six months.
Five goals on which MoEFCC has sought separate comprehensive studies are reducing the emissions intensity of India’s GDP by 33-35% by 2030 from 2005 levels, 40% of cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources by 2030, creating an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030, mobilizing domestic and new and additional funds from developed countries and to build capacities, create domestic framework and international architecture for quick diffusion of cutting-edge climate technology in India.
For all these goals, MoEFCC said the studies should map existing sector-specific policies, identify gaps, give specific policy recommendations and give a clear roadmap with timelines of deliverables, including monthly reporting framework.
But for the study on reducing India’s emission intensity, the ministry specified that the study should give sector-specific budgetary requirements, including additional funding and map mechanisms and measures to mitigate emissions in all sectors like energy, agriculture, land use and waste.
Similarly, for creating an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030, MoEFCC said the study should map existing programmes to achieve the forestry target, forecast business as usual and desired levels of forest carbon sink till 2030, specific recommendations on enhancing trees outside forest cover, recommendation on trading of green credits between states (pilot basis) and assessing the potential of climate change mitigation in forestry sector. The ministry also wants the study to identify additional land requirements for creating additional forest cover and whether that land will be wasteland, degraded forest or land along highways and railway lines.
For the goal of mobilizing domestic and new and additional funds from developed countries to implement the mitigation and adaptation actions, the environment ministry said the study should base projections for climate finance on the current mix of sources and funds, critically assess current availability and measure shortfall and identify gaps between finance needs and availability of funds by sector and by policy, propose how the shortfall can be met, outline clear financial outlays required between 2020 and 2030 and explore role of new instrument and tools for raising finance such as eco-subsidies, taxes, green bonds and assess their potential costs versus benefits.
Meanwhile, for climate action regarding building capacities, create domestic framework and international architecture for quick diffusion of cutting-edge climate technology in India, the ministry said the study should identify technology gaps, prepare a tentative list of disruptive technologies and develop a technology roadmap for future research programmes of India, leading to sustainable development.