New Delhi: Every third child in Delhi has impaired lungs, the Centre for Science and Environment has said in a new study.

“Every third child in Delhi has impaired lungs while air pollution causes 30% of all premature deaths in the country," the CSE report titled ‘Body Burden: Lifestyle Diseases’ said. It claimed a crucial link exists between the environment and health, some of them yet-unexplored such as the connection between air pollution and mental health. The study also investigates and exposes the new and emerging environmental triggers of non-communicable diseases.

The CSE study has come a few days after the air pollution in Delhi and neighbouring cities had risen to alarming levels, prompting a public outcry and forcing authorities to resort to emergency measures to contain the worsening situation.

The report sought to establish that unless environmental risk factors were acknowledged and dealt with, India will not be able to curb non-communicable diseases. It said more than 61% of all deaths in India are attributed to lifestyle or NCDs.

The World Health Organization has identified four major risk factors for NCDs—alcohol, tobacco, poor diet intake and lack of physical activity—but it fails to call out the “real enemies" that have high salt, sugar and fat content but are low in nutrition, said CSE director general Sunita Narain.

“(The WHO) wants to play it as safe as possible so that it does not have to confront the real players and demand a restraint on their products, not through voluntary action but through government policies that restrict and restrain and put a premium on nutrition, not consumption," she said in a statement. According to the statistics cited in the report, more than 1.73 million new cancer cases were likely to be recorded each year by 2020 with air pollution, tobacco, alcohol and diet change being the “primary triggers".

The air quality in Delhi, meanwhile, has again slipped back to “very poor", a situation that can cause respiratory illness on prolonged exposure. The Delhi government on Monday issued a health advisory, urging people to avoid stepping out during the early morning and late evening hours.