New Delhi: India’s retail inflation fell below the Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) medium-term target in August, increasing the likelihood it will keep interest rates on hold in October after raising them at its past two meetings. Consumer price inflation (CPI) rose 3.69% from a year earlier, down from July’s 4.17%, the statistics ministry said on Wednesday. August was the first month in 10 in which retail inflation was below RBI’s medium-term target of 4%.
The median forecast of economists polled by Reuters for August was 3.86%, with three-quarters of those polled predicting inflation would be below the RBI’s target. Forecasts ranged from 3.55% to 5.40%.
“While weakness in the rupee adds to the upside risk, factors such as still sanguine domestic food prices and moderation in global commodity prices (excluding oil) are likely to provide some relief," said Garima Kapoor, an economist at Elara Capital in Mumbai.
Slowing inflation in food prices, which make up nearly half of CPI, cancelled out price rises in imported goods stemming from the weakening rupee currency. Food inflation slowed to 0.29% from a year earlier, against 1.37% in July.
Softening inflation could give Prime Minister Narendra Modi a boost as he faces Lok Sabha elections next year.
The rupee has fallen more than 12% against the dollar this year to hit an all-time low of 72.92 today. The tumble has sparked discontent in a country that relies heavily on imports for its fuel needs.
A Bharat Bandh over record petrol prices, partly a result of the rupee slide, disrupted businesses and schools this week.
The RBI, which next meets on 5 October, has raised its benchmark rate by a total of 50 basis points at its past two meetings, to 6.5%, while warning about inflationary pressures. One basis point is one-hundredth of a percentage point.
Core inflation, which excludes the volatile food and fuel sectors, was seen at around 6%, easing slightly from 6.3% in July, according to analysts.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF), in its annual report on India released in August, warned that average inflation was likely to rise to 5.2% in the 2018-19 fiscal year from a 17-year low of 3.6% in the previous fiscal year.
The IMF expects the central bank to gradually tighten monetary policy in order to tame inflation.
India’s annual economic growth surged to a more than two-year high of 8.2% of the gross domestic product (GDP) in the three months through June.