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Business News/ Politics / Policy/  CPCB calls for sewage treatment plant in every urban settlement
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CPCB calls for sewage treatment plant in every urban settlement

Regulation of religious activities, including immersion of idols in rivers, and community participation in cleaning rivers are needed to control river pollution

The report said municipal corporations at large are not able to treat increasing load of municipal sewage flowing into water bodies without treatment. Photo: Hindustan TimesPremium
The report said municipal corporations at large are not able to treat increasing load of municipal sewage flowing into water bodies without treatment. Photo: Hindustan Times

New Delhi: Sewage treatment facilities in urban settlements, regulation of religious activities, including immersion of idols in rivers, and community participation in cleaning rivers are needed to control river pollution, said a new report from the environment ministry.

The Water quality of rivers at interstate borders report was published by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) on its website last week. CPCB has been monitoring the water quality of rivers at interstate borders since 2005 and is currently monitoring it at 86 locations across India. The current report covers 83 locations across 40 rivers.

The report, based on water quality monitoring results from observations made between 2005 and 2013, revealed that 51 locations out of 83 are polluted in terms of biological oxygen demand (BOD); 57 locations have poor water quality on the basis of dissolved oxygen (DO); and at 70 locations, total coliform (TC) was more than the prescribed limit.

BOD is a measure of the amount of dissolved oxygen required to completely oxidize available organic waste, while DO is the amount of oxygen dissolved in a given quantity of water. TC includes bacteria that are used as indicators to measure the degree of pollution.

The report said “municipal corporations at large are not able to treat increasing load of municipal sewage flowing into water bodies without treatment.

“The receiving water bodies also do not have adequate water for dilution. Therefore, the oxygen demand and bacterial pollution is increasing day by day," it added.

The report recommended that industries move to remove contaminants from their effluents and waste water by installing effluent treatment plants. “The cities and towns should also have facilities to clean sewage effluent. All towns and cities should have sewage treatment plant to treat the sewage," said the report.

It also suggested strict regulation of religious activities, including immersion of idols in rivers to tackle pollution.

“Idols should be made from natural materials as described in the holy scripts. It would be appropriate to use traditional clay for idol making rather than baked clay.

“Use of painted idols should be discouraged. In case painted idols are used, water soluble and non-toxic natural dyes may be used. Use of toxic and non-degradable chemical dyes should be strictly prohibited," the report added.

The report said procedures need to be strengthened to “ensure accurate measurement of both the quantity of treated sewage being discharged as well as its quality with reference to the prescribed parameter".

Also, in line with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s view of including the public in the cleaning of rivers, the report stressed on community participation for the cleaning of rivers and recommended awareness programmes.

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Published: 13 Jul 2015, 12:31 AM IST
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