Home >Politics >Policy >India’s growing dependence on female sterilization for birth control
Photo: Reuters
Photo: Reuters

India’s growing dependence on female sterilization for birth control

Here are four charts that map birth control methods in India and select countries

In 2013-14, 3.9 million Indians underwent sterilization for birth control; 97.5% of them were women, according to the ministry of health and family welfare’s annual report for the year. Sterilization is the most popular method of contraception in the country.

Sterilization has a 67.3% share of all birth control methods used by Indians—a significantly higher proportion than in seven other countries with similar demographics. While India does not have a one-child policy like China, it has been actively trying to persuade citizens to restrict the number of children they bear.

Sterilization is encouraged with the offer of incentives—a grant in cash or in kind. Given the patriarchal construct of the Indian household, women have come to shoulder the responsibility of birth control, exposing them to medical negligence of the kind that took place in Chhattisgarh earlier this week and resulted in at least 13 deaths.

Here are four charts that map birth control methods in India and select countries.

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