New Delhi: The fate of four death row convicts of the sensational 16 December 2012 gangrape and murder case would be decided today as the Supreme Court would deliver its verdict on their appeals challenging the Delhi high court judgement. A bench comprising justices Dipak Misra, R. Banumathi and Ashok Bhushan would deliver the judgement tomorrow in the case that had shaken the entire nation’s conscience.
The apex court had on 27 March reserved its verdict on the appeals of four convicts—Mukesh, Pawan, Vinay Sharma and Akshay Kumar Singh—against the conviction and death penalty awarded to them by the high court on 13 March 2014.
The 23-year-old paramedic was brutally assaulted and raped by six persons in a moving bus in south Delhi and thrown out of the vehicle with her male friend on the night of 16 December 2012. She had died in a Singapore hospital on 29 December 29.
Besides dealing with the challenge to the conviction, the apex court was also deliberating on the issue of quantum of sentence to the convicts as it has been alleged that the trial court did not separately consider “mitigating" circumstances of each convict while sending them to the gallows. While Delhi Police had sought capital punishment for the convicts, the defence counsel had said they deserved leniency considering their poor family background and young age. The police had told the bench that the horrific crime committed by these men warranted death penalty and the test of being a “rarest of rare" case was satisfied in this matter and the court should also consider the effect of crime committed by them on the victim and the society at large.
Senior advocate Sanjay Hegde, who has assisted the court as an amicus curiae, had told the bench that there was no doubt that the crime committed was of “immense proportion" but as the evidence was not concrete, it does not warrant death penalty. Senior counsel Raju Ramachandran, also an amicus curiae, had said that option of awarding jail term for the whole life to these convicts may also be considered.
The convicts have approached the Supreme Court against the high court’s order which had confirmed the death penalty awarded to them by the trial court. During the hearing, advocates A P Singh and M L Sharma, representing the four convicts, had said they should be given a chance to reform and considering the mitigating factors, the court should not award them death penalty. They also raised questions about the evidence collected by the police in the matter.
On 3 February, the apex court bench had prima facie agreed with the contention of Ramachandran that the provision of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), relating to sentencing of convicts, has not been followed in letter and spirit by the trial court. It was submitted that section 235 of the CrPC provides that an accused, in the event of conviction, would be heard by on the question of sentencing individually before the trial judge passes the order awarding punishment. The bench had then mulled ways to rectify the apparent error and said there are two modes—either the case be remanded back to the trial court to pass a fresh order on the sentence or the apex court itself hears this aspect of the matter afresh. The trial court had awarded death penalty to the four convicts.
Prime accused Ram Singh allegedly committed suicide in his cell in Tihar jail in March 2013 and proceedings against him were abated. The high court, in its verdict, had observed that their offence fell in the rarest of the rare category and had upheld the death sentence awarded to them by the trial court.