What is it? The number of journalists killed in India in 2015, according to Reporters Without Borders (RSF).

Why is it important? This puts India among the top three “deadliest places for journalists" after war-torn Iraq (11 killed) and Syria (10). Of the nine Indian journalists, five were “killed in the course of their work or murdered or knowingly targeted". India did not figure among the top countries considered dangerous for journalists in RSF’s 2014 report. RSF takes into account the absolute numbers rather than percentages—leading to such variations between different time periods. Its methodology has come under criticism in the past.

Tell me more: As many as 110 journalists were killed worldwide in 2015. Of this, two-thirds were killed in countries considered to be “at peace"—unlike 2014 when two-thirds were killed in war zones.


What is it? The number of follow-on investments in start-ups in 2015, according to VCEdge, the research arm of online publisher VCCircle.

Why is it important? The number of such deals has seen over a four-fold increase from 2014 (15 deals) with the value of these deals jumping over 12 times ($189 million in 2015 against $15 million last year). It shows more start-ups needed funds faster than a year before, indicating the desire for faster growth. Follow-on funds are given within a year of the first funding. It could also indicate the growing dependence of start-ups on bridge funding where existing or new investors offer money to ensure the firm doesn’t run out of cash till it raises the next round of funding.

Tell me more: In as many as 1,096 deals, Indian start-ups raised $5.5 billion from venture capital firms and angel investors in 2015. Nearly 700 deals were struck involving start-ups that raised funds for the first time ever this year compared to 374 deals in 2015.

$4.29 (nearly 285)

What is it? The retail price of a generic version of sofosbuvir, a drug to cure Hepatitis C, an infectious disease that primarily affects the liver.

Why is it important? In the US, the same pill costs $1,000 ( 66,330)—about 233 times the price in India. California-headquartered Gilead Sciences Inc., which owns the patent for this molecule in the US, has licensed 11 Indian companies to make generic versions of this pill for a royalty fee. Competition among these companies has forced the prices of sofosbuvir’s versions lower. Laws in countries such as India, where most cannot afford expensive medical treatment, have also been responsible for lower prices of such drugs compared to those in developed countries.

Tell me more: The World Health Organization estimates that there are about 12 million with this disease in India, about 8% of the total number of people with this infection globally.

300 to 500

What is it? The approximate number of employees online food ordering start-up Foodpanda India has fired.

Why is it important? It’s yet another example of the trouble brewing in the food technology start-up space in India. After two of the biggest food tech start-ups, Zomato and TinyOwl, laid off a part of their workforce in the last few months, Foodpanda has followed suit. Zomato laid off 300 employees or 10% of its workforce, while TinyOwl sacked 200 employees in September and most recently, 112. According to Pankaj Jain, partner at venture capital firm 500 Startups, the food technology space “is a perfect example of how bubbles had started coming up in the Indian startup ecosystem, but they are now getting self-corrected".

Tell me more: Between January and 5 November this year, food technology start-ups raised $172.9 million ( 1,138.4 crore), as per data by research firm Tracxn.


What is it? The number of new print publications registered in India in 2014-15.

Why is it important? The number shows publishers are still prepared to bet on print in India. There has been an increase of 5.8% in total registered publications from 99,660 to 105,443 between March 2014 and 2015. In contrast, just 34 ceased publication during the same period. Meanwhile, the number of Internet users are on the rise. Between March 2014 and March 2015, India added 50.8 million Internet subscribers, according to data from the telecom regulator.

Tell me more: The highest number of publications were in Hindi followed by English, and Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra led in terms of the highest number of publications.

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