US, China Push time-to-talk message as trade war rise3 min read . Updated: 05 Apr 2018, 11:32 AM IST
US, China indicated they're willing to negotiate on escalating frictions, helping to ease fears among investors that a tit-for-tat trade dispute could derail the strongest global expansion in years
Washington: The US and China indicated they’re willing to negotiate on escalating frictions, helping to ease fears among investors that a tit-for-tat trade dispute could derail the strongest global expansion in years.
The White House’s National Economic Council Director Larry Kudlow spent much of the day Wednesday trying to calm markets after the two countries announced tariffs, and said they still have time work out their differences.
“Remember, none of the tariffs have been put in place yet. These are all proposals," he said in a brief interview, without specifying if talks are planned or how they’d take place. “We’re putting it out for comment. There’s at least two months before any actions are taken. China by the way did not enact the tariffs."
China’s ambassador to the US, Cui Tiankai, also said his first choice would be to consult the US over trade. “Negotiations would still be our preference, but it takes two to tango," he said. “We’ll always stand for consultation and negotiation, but if others do things in the wrong direction, we’ll have to respond."
The comments came after China early on Wednesday said it would levy an additional 25% tariff on about $50 billion of US imports. The move matched the scale of proposed US tariffs announced the previous day. The US is allowing 60 days for public feedback and hasn’t specified when the tariffs would take effect, leaving a window open for talks.
US stocks opened sharply lower on Wednesday, but reversed course and ended the day higher as investors speculated the spat wouldn’t spiral out of control.
President Donald Trump also downplayed the skirmish, saying on Twitter that “we are not in a trade war with China, that war was lost many years ago by the foolish, or incompetent, people who represented the US."
Trump also tweeted that “when you’re already $500 Billion DOWN, you can’t lose," in a possible reference to America’s trade deficit with China. Figures from the US Commerce Department put last year’s trade gap with the Asian nation at $337 billion.
The Trump administration’s latest offensive is a response to alleged infringements of intellectual property in China. The US is targeting high-tech sectors that Beijing sees as the future for its economy.
While the China retaliation was more “belligerent" than expected, Beijing probably wants to de-escalate tensions by underscoring what’s at stake for both sides, Oxford Economics director of global macro strategy, Gaurav Saroliya, said in a research note. “Negotiations will probably lead to less disruptive outcomes for both sides," Saroliya wrote.
In a statement following the US release of details on its China tariffs, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said the administration “will continue to engage in discussions with China to address these issues of reciprocal trade."
Beijing’s proposed targets strike at the core of commercial relations between the two countries, and at some of the most politically sensitive goods in core Trump constituencies. For example, China is the world’s largest soybean importer and biggest buyer of US soybeans in trade worth about $14 billion last year. Farming states were also among Trump’s staunchest supports in the election.
The implementation of China’s tariffs depends on the outcome of bilateral negotiations, as well as US decisions, deputy finance minister Zhu Guangyao told reporters after a news conference in Beijing. “We believe both countries have the ability and wisdom to address the problem," Zhu said.
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Industries including aerospace, information and communications technology, robotics and machinery were among those targeted by the US Trade Representative on Tuesday. The agency said it chose products to minimize the impact on the US economy and consumers.
In addition to advanced technologies such as communication satellites, the US list includes items ranging from various types of steel to television components, medical devices, dishwashers, snow blowers and even flame throwers. The 25% tariffs come on top of any existing levies.
“The US list suggests that the government is targeting the ‘Made in China 2025’ initiative, while China’s retaliation intends to bring Americans back to the negotiation table," Zhou Hao, an economist at Commerzbank AG in Singapore, said in an email.
China’s Made in China 2025 plan was announced in 2015, and highlighted 10 sectors for support on the way to China becoming an advanced manufacturing power, from information technology to robotics and aerospace. China also has a separate development strategy for artificial intelligence, published last year.
“The current tariff measures from both parties are very unlikely to be implemented," said Ren Qing, a partner at Global Law in Beijing who has advised the Chinese government on its response to the intellectual-property investigation. “People from American industries may exert pressure on the US government and influence final policy implementation." Bloomberg