The alarming increase in caesarean births in India

The past decade has seen India cross that WHO threshold for caesareans at an overall level

howindialives.com
Updated6 Jan 2016, 01:49 AM IST
Graphics: Prajakta Patil/Mint<br />
Graphics: Prajakta Patil/Mint

The need for caesarean births in a country should ideally not exceed 10-15%, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

Anything higher suggests that either women are opting for a controlled birth or that a profiteering healthcare system is pushing women into caesareans. The past decade has seen India cross that WHO threshold for caesareans at an overall level, and leave it way behind in the case of births at private hospitals across several states and districts.

THE OVERALL PICTURE

The share of caesarean deliveries in institutional births in India—a surgery that costs two to five times a normal delivery—has doubled in the past decade. Even in public hospitals, 19 states or Union territories (UTs) have crossed the 15% threshold. But their incidence is much higher in private hospitals: the rate of caesareans in private hospitals is nearly thrice that in public hospitals.

And, of the 318 districts where private establishments had at least a 10% share in total deliveries, four-fifths were above the 15% mark and one-fourth above 50% in the private space.

PRIVATE PUBLIC DIFFERENTIAL

State

In all states/Union territories, compared with public hospitals, private establishments registered a higher incidence of caesarean births. Other than Kerala and Gujarat, the differential is pronounced. The states that registered a very high caesarean rate in private hospitals include both economically-poor and relatively better-off ones.

Districts

Among the 35 districts that registered the highest caesarean rate in private establishments in 2014-15, as many as 12 were from Tamil Nadu and nine from West Bengal. And all these 35 districts show a very high differential between private and public caesarean rates.

COST OF ‘UNNECESSARY CAESAREANS’

Studies have found that children born by caesareans are at a higher risk for obesity, allergies and type-1 diabetes. A study in Scotland done over a 15-year period and released last month showed that babies born by a planned caesarean exhibited more health problems than emergency caesareans.

With the Indian caesarean rates in certain sets hitting those of western countries, it’s a point to note for health reasons, as well as financial ones: a 2010 WHO study of 137 countries noted that half of these countries spent $2.3 billion on ‘unnecessary caesareans’ in 2008.

howindlalives.com is a search engine for public data.

Catch all the Politics News and Updates on Live Mint. Download The Mint News App to get Daily Market Updates & Live Business News.MoreLess
First Published:6 Jan 2016, 01:49 AM IST
HomePoliticsPolicyThe alarming increase in caesarean births in India

Get Instant Loan up to ₹10 Lakh!

  • Employment Type

    Most Active Stocks

    Tata Steel

    157.75
    03:43 PM | 19 JUL 2024
    -8.6 (-5.17%)

    Tata Power

    414.15
    03:59 PM | 19 JUL 2024
    -15.85 (-3.69%)

    Bharat Electronics

    306.30
    03:45 PM | 19 JUL 2024
    -7.2 (-2.3%)

    Zee Entertainment Enterprises

    137.55
    03:57 PM | 19 JUL 2024
    -4.9 (-3.44%)
    More Active Stocks

    Market Snapshot

    • Top Gainers
    • Top Losers
    • 52 Week High

    Tata Teleservices Maharashtra

    102.11
    03:59 PM | 19 JUL 2024
    4.68 (4.8%)

    Rail Vikas Nigam

    614.00
    03:59 PM | 19 JUL 2024
    27.65 (4.72%)

    Jubilant Pharmova

    752.25
    03:43 PM | 19 JUL 2024
    25.3 (3.48%)

    One 97 Communications

    458.70
    03:55 PM | 19 JUL 2024
    13.65 (3.07%)
    More from Top Gainers

    Recommended For You

      More Recommendations

      Gold Prices

      • 24K
      • 22K
      Bangalore
      75,217.00292.00
      Chennai
      75,657.001,099.00
      Delhi
      74,485.00-659.00
      Kolkata
      74,485.00-73.00

      Fuel Price

      • Petrol
      • Diesel
      Bangalore
      102.86/L0.00
      Chennai
      100.75/L0.00
      Kolkata
      104.95/L0.00
      New Delhi
      94.72/L0.00
      OPEN IN APP
      HomeMarketsPremiumInstant LoanBudget