New Delhi: Tobacco use across all the states have dropped in the past 10 years but alcohol consumption in south Indian states along with Sikkim and Tripura in the northeast have increased, according to the initial findings of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) released on Tuesday.
Increase in alcohol consumption has led the governments in Kerala and Bihar to regulate sale of liquor in these states.
The NFHS survey looks at health indicators of the 13 states—Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Goa, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttarakhand, West Bengal—and two Union Territories of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Puducherry.
States, including Bihar, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Uttarakahand and West Bengal, saw a fall in percentage of men consuming alcohol over the last decade. The trend was similar for women in these states except in Uttarakhand.
The percentage of men consuming alcohol has jumped in Goa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu along with Puducherry. A rise in percentage of men consuming alcohol has also been recorded in Sikkim and Tripura.
Among women, Sikkim and Goa saw a rise in percentage of women consuming alcohol. The highest number of men and women consuming alcohol are in Tripura—57% of the men and 4.8% of the women. This is closely followed by Sikkim where 51.2% of the men are drinkers along with 23% of the women.
All 13 states showed a decline in percentage of men and women who use any kind of tobacco, with the exception of Meghalaya and Puducherry, where it has increased.