Budget 2019: This budget is for new India, says PM Modi

  • Main tax proposals have been left for full budget in July
  • Those earning upto Rs. 5 lakh a year will get full tax rebate

As finance minister Piyush Goyal presents the National Democratic Alliance’s (NDA) sixth and final budget, an interim one, all eyes are on two key areas — income tax and farm package — in the pre-election season. Standing in as finance minister as Arun Jaitley is on medical leave, this is Goyal’s first budget speech, though it is the second time that he is holding interim charge of the finance ministry. Catch all the budget 2019 highlights here.

01 Feb 2019, 03:46:58 PM IST

PM: This budget is for new India and is meant for all Indians

The unorganized labour force, about 40 crore people, haven’t ever received any help from previous governments. The beneficiaries will get assured monthly pension after reaching the age of 60 years now.

01 Feb 2019, 03:33:46 PM IST

PM Modi's reaction after the interim Budget

12 crore farmers, 3 crore taxpayers, 30 crore labourers will benefit from the Budget. Many governments announced schemes for farmers but only those owning large pieces of land would benefit. Our scheme will reach out to the small farmer who has always been left out

01 Feb 2019, 02:49:42 PM IST

Main tax proposals reserved for full-budget in July: Piyush Goyal

FM Goyal said he has not made any big changes in tax proposals as it will be decided in the main budget. "In July 2019 when the second term budget comes then the main tax proposals will be presented before you," Goyal said.


01 Feb 2019, 02:18:57 PM IST

PM Kisan Scheme biggest for farmers: Piyush Goyal

Piyush Goyal says that the PM Kisan Scheme is the biggest one ever for farmers. "Those sitting in AC rooms cannot understand the plight of the small farmers. Keeping this in mind, we have introduced Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi scheme. This is a historic decision," he said at a post-budget press conference.

01 Feb 2019, 02:11:02 PM IST

Budget met expectations: Amit Shah

BJP chief Amit Shah said the budget has met the expectations of farmers, labourers and middle class. "By bearing a cost of 75,000 crore,the govt will implement Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi scheme. This scheme will also benefit those farmers who do not take loans," he said.

01 Feb 2019, 01:53:54 PM IST

Budget a damp squib: Shashi Tharoor 

Congress leader Shashi Tharoor said the whole exercise has turned out to be a damp squib. "We've seen one good thing that is tax exemption for the middle class. 6000 in income support for farmers boils down to 500 per month. Is that supposed to enable them to live with the honour & dignity?," Tharoor tweeted.

01 Feb 2019, 01:48:52 PM IST

Guidelines issued for PM Kisan scheme

Union agriculture minister Radha Mohan Singh said, "We have also issued guidelines for Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi scheme. In 2018-19 financial year, for months before March, 2000 will be transferred to farmers' accounts, and in the financial year 2019-20 farmers will get 6000."

01 Feb 2019, 01:36:11 PM IST

Budget an 'account of votes', not vote on account: Chidambaram  

Former finance minister P Chidambaram Friday termed the union budget as an "account for votes" and not a "vote on account".

"It was not a Vote on Account. It was an Account for Votes," Chidambaram tweeted soon after the presentation of the Union Budget.

He also thanked Finance Minister Piyush Goyal for "copying" the Congress declaration that the poor will have the first right to resources of the country.

The senior Congress leader claimed that the government had missed the fiscal deficit target, as warned by him earlier.

"Thank you Interim FM for copying the Congress' declaration that the poor have the first right to the resources of the country.

"As I had warned, Government misses Fiscal Deficit target for 2018-19. Another red flag rises: CAD is 2.5 percent," Chidambaram said in a series of tweets while reacting to the Budget.

01 Feb 2019, 01:21:17 PM IST

Pro-growth and pro-farmer budget: Arun Jaitley

Arun Jaitley said the budget is unquestionably pro-growth, fiscally prudent, pro-farmer, pro-poor and strengthens the purchasing power of the middle class. He said the budget expands spending while pragmatically sticking to fiscal prudence.

01 Feb 2019, 01:17:23 PM IST

Tax breaks more than expected: Deloitte's Tapati Ghosh

"The tax breaks for the salaried, middle class, pensioners is being welcomed and is far more than expectations. This is definitely a budget for the middle class. With the additional tax rebate, an individual with total income up to Rs. 5 lakhs will have no tax to be paid. This results in an assured tax benefit including up to 13,000 at this level. Increase in standard deduction by 10,000 for salaried taxpayers would ensure additional tax saving of 2,080 to 3,120 for tax payers not paying surcharge," Tapati Ghose, Partner, Deloitte India, said.

01 Feb 2019, 01:14:43 PM IST

Sensex, Nifty surge over 1% as govt eases taxation norms in interim budget  

The markets gained over 1% as interim finance minister Piyush Goyal made taxation proposal in the interim budget on Friday. At 12:55 pm, the Sensex was at 36,657.26, up 400.57 points or 1.10% while the Nifty was at 10,943.55, up 112.60 points or 1.04%.

BSE Midcap and BSE Smallcap indices are also up nearly 1%. In the one yera period, from last Budget till now, the Sensex rose 1.5%, Nifty fell 1.2%, BSE MidCap fell 15.2% while BSE SmallCap declined 25.2%. 

01 Feb 2019, 01:14:23 PM IST

Expert views on budget

Garima Kapoor, economist and vice president, Elara Capital, Mumbai:

"The budget is clearly farm-focused, with elections on the mind. Farmers, age-old, unorganised sector, MSME and middle class - they're all finding favour, with the agricultural sector getting the biggest support."

Rupa Rege Nitsure, group chief economist, L&T Finance Holdings, Mumbai:

"It's more of performance reporting and aspirations than any big-ticket changes. This was expected as it is an interim Budget valid for a few months. It needs to be stated in unambiguous fashion that the credit for inflation control and AQR primarily goes to the RBI."

Abheek Barua, chief economist, HDFC Bank:

"This is on expected lines. There is a slight slip in fiscal deficit. The new income support scheme is tepid, in terms of the actual numbers. It should not lead to a blowout in the fiscal deficit if it indeed is part of the budget when it is finally announced in full form."

01 Feb 2019, 01:07:03 PM IST

What experts say on tax breaks

Poorva Prakash, Senior Director, Deloitte India, said that individuals having income of 6.5 lakh will not be required to pay any tax if they take full deduction of 80C on savings instruments like PPF etc. He said standard deduction raised from Rs. 40,000 to Rs. 50,000 benefiting the salaries class.


Hitesh Sawhney of PwC India said the government has expectedly sought to cater to the demands of the salaried and middle class taxpayer, reducing the tax outflow and extending benefits on residential house rental income and sale.

01 Feb 2019, 12:42:20 PM IST

No tax on notional rent on second house  

Capital gains tax exemption under Section 54 raised to 2 crore

Tax on notional rent on unsold inventory to not be paid for 2 years 

01 Feb 2019, 12:39:49 PM IST

TDS threshold for bank and post office deposit increased

No TDS on post office savings up to 40,000

No TDS on rental income up to 2,40,000 per year 

01 Feb 2019, 12:37:38 PM IST

Standard deduction limit increased

Standard deduction to be raised from Rs. 40,000 to Rs. 50,000

No tax if you own second house 

01 Feb 2019, 12:36:33 PM IST

Tax free income of up to ₹6.5 lakh

Salary earners of up to 6,50,000 income to not pay tax if they make tax related investments

01 Feb 2019, 12:33:50 PM IST

Income tax exemption limit raised

Salary earners up to 5,00,000 annual income to get full tax rebate.

01 Feb 2019, 12:30:43 PM IST

Total expenditure rose by 13%  

Total expenditure rose by 13%

FY20 total expenditure seen at Rs. 27.84 trillion

FY20 capital expenditure seen at Rs. 3,36,292 crore 

"We maintained the path to establish 3% fiscal deficit by 2020," Piyush Goyal said.

01 Feb 2019, 12:25:40 PM IST

Fiscal deficit at 3.4% for FY20 

Fiscal deficit pegged at 3.4% of GDP for FY20

01 Feb 2019, 12:25:13 PM IST

10-year roadmap for ease of living

Government lays out a 10-year roadmap to improve ease of living and make India a pollution-free country by leading the world in transport and energy storage devices,

bringing down dependency on imports for energy needs. The roadmap also envisions people traveling in electric cars.

01 Feb 2019, 12:18:09 PM IST

India wants to be a $10 trillion economy in 8 years

Finance minister Piyush Goyal announced that India is poised to become a $5 trillion economy in 5 years and aspires to become a $10 trillion economy in the next 8 years.

01 Feb 2019, 12:16:02 PM IST

Railways get ₹1.58 trillion

The Union budget has allocated 1.58 trillion for Indian Railways to expand the railway infrastructure in the country.

In his interim-budget speech on Friday, the finance minister Piyush Goyal said Indian Railways has witnessed its safest year in the history in 2018-19 and the national carrier has been able to remove all unmanned railway crossing across all the broad gauge tracks in the country.

He also outlined the achievements of his government stating that the people of India would soon have world-class train experience through semi-high speed train Vande Bharat Express which is a product of Indian engineering. The minister also hoped that Indian Railways would improve its operating ratio and try to improve it from 98.4% to further 95%.

01 Feb 2019, 12:13:27 PM IST

ITR refunds to come in 24 hours

All income tax returns will now be processed in 24 hours and refunds issued simultaneously. Within next 2 years, returns chosen for scrutiny will also be done digitally with anonymity.

01 Feb 2019, 12:11:07 PM IST

Govt trying to reduce GST burden on homebuyers

Want GST burden on homebuyers lessened and we have formed a group of ministers (GoM) to look into it: Piyush Goyal

01 Feb 2019, 12:09:22 PM IST

PM Kisan scheme to cost ₹75,000 crore  

Small and marginal farmers owning less than 5 acres of land will receive the first instalment soon, finance minister Piyush Goyal said in his budget speech. According to Goyal, the scheme will run from 1 December 2018 and towards this the budget has allocated an additional 20,000 crore in the revised estimates for 2018-19.

For 2019-20, the Prime Minister Kisan Samman Nidhi or PM-Kisan scheme received a budgetary allocation of 75,000 crore.

Announcing the scheme, finance minister Goyal said the direct income support which farmers will receive in their bank accounts shortly will help them lead a life of dignity and respect.

According to the budget speech, about 120 million farm households will receive an income support of 2,000, thrice a year.

Apart from the income transfer scheme, the budget also approved doubling the interest subsidy on crop loans, and also raised the interest subvention when farm loans are restructured in times of natural calamity.

01 Feb 2019, 12:05:58 PM IST

Defence outlay increased for 2019-20

The defence budget, interim finance minister Piyush Goyal announced, was increased for the first time to three lakh crore in 2019-20 “for securing our borders and to maintain preparedness of highest order and if necessary additional funds will be provided."

Last year, out of total allocation of Rs295,511 crore for defence budget, only Rs99,947 crore was set aside for capital outlay to purchase of new weapons, aircraft, warships and other military hardware. The allocation has been estimated at around 1.58% of the GDP and 12.10% of the total budget of Rs2,442,213 crore for 2018-19.

01 Feb 2019, 12:03:09 PM IST

Tax collections doubled to ₹12 lakh crore

Tax collections increased 6 lakh crore to 12 lakh crore, return filings have also gone up. All returns will now be processed in 24 hours and refunds issued simultaneously. Within next 2 years, returns chosen for scrutiny will also be done digitally with anonymity.

01 Feb 2019, 11:57:03 AM IST

Budget 2019 announces mega pension scheme for unorganized sector workers  

Targeting a huge electorate ahead of the 2019 polls, Finance Minister Piyush Goyal Friday announced a mega pension scheme to provide assured pension of Rs. 3000 rupees per month to nearly 10 crore people working in largely fragmented informal sector.

These informal workers joining the pension scheme at 18 years will pay Rs. 55 per month and Rs. 100 if joining at the age of 29. The pension will be paid once they reached the age of 60.

“(We are starting) Mega Pension Yojana, namely Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Mandhan, to provide assured monthly pension of 3000 rupees per month, with contribution of 100 rupees per month, for workers in unorganized sector after 60 years of age," Goyal said in his Budget speech.

“Will benefit 10 crore workers in unorganized sector, may become the world's biggest pension scheme for unorganized sector in five years," he added.

Domestic workers, beedi workers , small shop workers among others may benefit from the announcement but the details on how it will be implemented and how the government will calculate the income threshold is yet to be spelt out.

01 Feb 2019, 11:55:14 AM IST

Railways to get ₹64,587 crore in FY20

Budgetary support for Railways has been fixed at 64,587 crore for FY20

Railways' operating ratio seen at 96.2% in FY19 and 95% in FY20 

01 Feb 2019, 11:55:14 AM IST

₹3 lakh crore recovered from big corporate loan defaulters: FM  

Finance Minister Piyush Goyal Friday said 3 lakh crore have been recovered from big corporate loan defaulters. Presenting the Interim Budget for 2019-20 in the Lok Sabha, Goyal said, "We have stopped culture of phone banking".

He was referring to allegations of giving of "rampant loans over phone" during the UPA regime.

Goyal, stepped in as interim finance minister after Arun Jaitley had to fly to New York for medical treatment, further said Bank of India, Oriental Bank of Commerce and Bank of Maharashtra have been removed from the PCA (prompt corrective action) framework of the RBI.

"I hope other banks too would soon come out of PCA framework," he said.

The finance minister also said, "Our government had the guts to ask RBI to look at bad loans and present correct picture to nation".

He said the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code was helping in recovery of non-performing loans. "Even big businessmen are now worried about loans," Goyal said.

01 Feb 2019, 11:51:10 AM IST

Defence budget crosses ₹3 trillion mark

Defence Budget crosses 3 lakh crore mark in FY20 Budget

01 Feb 2019, 11:50:13 AM IST

Rural employment guarantee programme gets a ₹5,000 crore push

The National Democratic Alliance government boosted allocation for the rural employment guarantee programme by 5000 crores to 55,000 crores in the 2019-20 interim budget. The scheme that is seen as a lifeline for small farmers and agricultural labourers in times of rural distress given that it provides 100 days of unskilled employment to them.

01 Feb 2019, 11:47:53 AM IST

Boost for SMEs

Govt projects to source 25% material from SMEs, 3% from only women-owned SMEs

01 Feb 2019, 11:47:20 AM IST

8 crore LPG cylinders under PM Ujwala Yojana

Total of 8 crore cooking gas cylinders to be distributed by next year under PM Ujwala Yojana

01 Feb 2019, 11:40:09 AM IST

Mega Pension Scheme announced

Govt launches mega pension scheme for social security coverage of unorganised labour

Unorganised labour to get 3,000 per month after age of 60 under mega pension scheme

Govt to contribute equally in pension accounts under mega pension scheme 

01 Feb 2019, 01:36:13 PM IST

Gratuity cap tripled to ₹30 lakh  

Gratuity exemption limit tripled to 0 lakh from 10 lakh

01 Feb 2019, 11:34:33 AM IST

₹750 crore for cow protection

Allocation of 750 crore under Rashtriya Gokul Yojana for protection of cows. The government will create a separate department for fisheries. 

01 Feb 2019, 11:26:02 AM IST

Fiscal deficit target missed

The Narendra Modi government missed its fiscal deficit target for the second consecutive year in 2018-19 with Finance minister Piyush Goyal telling the Parliament during his Interim Budget speech that revised estimate of fiscal deficit in 2018-19 stands at 3.4% of GDP against the target of 3.3% of GDP.


In 2017-18, government had missed the budget target of 3.2% with fiscal deficit rising to 3.5% of GDP.


Lower than expected GST collections and tardy progress in the disinvestment process are considered to be the main reasons for the miss in fiscal deficit target in 2018-19.


According to the Controller General of Accounts (CGA) data up to November, 2018, fiscal deficit in the first eight months stood at 114.8% of the full year target against 112% during the same period a year ago.

01 Feb 2019, 11:25:02 AM IST

₹19,000 crore for Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana road scheme to get 19,000 crore in FY20

Electricity for all households to be a reality by end of next month

Ayushman Bharat has treated 1 million people so far

22nd AIIMS to come up soon

01 Feb 2019, 11:22:04 AM IST

Reversed the policy paralysis: Piyush Goyal

Finance minister Piyush Goel highlighted a host of achievements claiming that the Modi government has walked the talk. "We have reversed policy paralysis...India is solidly back on track," he said. However, Goyal's remark on doubling farmer income by 2022, was received with boos from the opposition bench.

"If we had not controlled inflation, our families would have been spending 35-40% more on basic amenities today. It's like an additional tax for the poor and the middle class. At 2.9% inflation is at its lowest, says Goyal, adding that the 2018-19 revised fiscal deficit target is at 3.4%, and even the current account deficit target for FY19 - 2.5% of GDP.

The FM also claimed that the foundation has been laid by the government with structural reforms for strong economic growth.

01 Feb 2019, 11:13:07 AM IST

Fiscal deficit down to 3.4% in FY19  

Fiscal deficit has been brought down to 3.4% in FY19, Piyush Goyal said. "Massive surge in Foreign Direct Investment. The last five years have witnessed a wave of structural reforms. The GST, banking reforms, insolvency code are path-breaking moves," he said.

01 Feb 2019, 11:11:52 AM IST

Broken the back of inflation: Goyal

Govt has broken the back of inflation, bringing it down to average 4.6%, Goyal said.

01 Feb 2019, 11:07:57 AM IST

Piyush Goyal presents budget

Piyush Goyal presents budget in Parliament and begins speech by saying that he is deeply concerned by Arun Jaitley's absence. "Under the leadership of PM Narendra Modi, we have given the most stable and clean government. We have moved ahead of the policy paralysis that had engulfed the nation under the previous government," he said.

01 Feb 2019, 10:51:44 AM IST

Markets stay firm ahead of interim budget, fiscal prudence key  

The market continues to stay firm as investors keep a cautious eye as interim finance minister Piyush Goyal prepares to presents his first and the government's last budget ahead of the general election.

Finance Minister Piyush Goyal is all set to present his first budget
01 Feb 2019, 10:13:16 AM IST

Equity indices open in green ahead of interim budget 

Indian markets were off to positive start on Budget day, with Sensex up over 100 points and Nifty trading above 10,850. At 9.19 a.m., the Sensex traded at 36,378.91, higher by 122.22 points or 0.34 per cent from the previous close of 36,256.69 points.

01 Feb 2019, 09:44:09 AM IST

What to expect from an interim budget in election season

Don’t be surprised if Piyush Goyal presents to you a full-fledged budget and gives you all those tax breaks that you prayed for in the last four years. Another announcement could be on universal basic income or a minimum wage scheme for the poor. (Read more here)

01 Feb 2019, 09:35:51 AM IST

The minds behind the interim budget 

Here are the key officials who fitted the nuts and bolts of the interim budget that Union finance minister Piyush Goyal presents in Parliament today: Finance secretary Ajay Narayan Jha, Revenue secretary Ajay Bhushan Pandey, Department of economic affairs secretary Subhash Chandra Garg, Department of investment and public assets management secretary Atanu Chakraborty, CBDT chairperson Sushil Chandra and chief economic advisor Krishnamurthy Subramanian.

01 Feb 2019, 09:37:12 AM IST

Populist interim budget to further accelerate fiscal slippage: Fitch

Global ratings agency Fitch has warned against higher pre-election spending announcements in the upcoming interim budget which could risk a second consecutive year of fiscal slippage. According to a note prepared by Fitch Ratings, pressure for new expenditure to attract votes, particularly among rural and small-business owner voters, has increased as polls have shown the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is becoming "less assured of victory in the general elections". 

01 Feb 2019, 09:23:23 AM IST

Import duty in healthcare may be rationalised: Tax expert

With all the modifications under GST requiring a nod of the GST Council first, the budget from an indirect tax perspective is essentially expected to only cover announcements on customs and on duties, taxes applicable on GST excluded sectors, said Abhishek Jain, Tax Partner, EY India. He said there is a general expectation of some customs duty rationalization on imports by the healthcare sector, rectification to amplify the ‘Make in India’ leitmotif and launch of schemes like E-Wallet, etc.   

01 Feb 2019, 09:11:00 AM IST

Economic growth projection likely 7.5%

The budget, which is interim and is likely to be followed by a full one in July, is expected to project economic growth of around 7.5 percent for the next financial year, while expanding capital spending on railways, roads, ports by 7-8 percent, and estimating an increase in revenue of about 15 percent, a Reuters report said.

01 Feb 2019, 09:02:29 AM IST

What to watch for in the interim budget 2019-20 

As Finance minister Piyush Goyal readies to present his first and the government's last Budget ahead of the general election, Mint takes a look at the things to watch out for in the interim budget: Farm package, universal basic income, sops for MSME and small traders, fiscal consolidation and changes in direct taxes. (Read here)

01 Feb 2019, 08:37:21 AM IST

5 income tax changes expected in Budget 2019 

The government may announce some tax relief for the middle or lower income groups. But some tax experts don’t expect the finance minister to announce sweeping changes on the income tax front, especially before the release of Direct Tax Code report, due on February 28. “It is important to notify the tax rates because without notifying tax rates, the government cannot collect taxes during the intervening period—from April 1 to the next full-scale budget after the new government is sworn in," says Divya Baweja, partner at Deloitte India.

01 Feb 2019, 08:34:00 AM IST

PM has told opposition that interim budget will be presented: Azad

The Opposition Thursday made it clear to the government at an all-party meeting here that it will not allow passage of any contentious bills in the Budget Session of Parliament that started with President Ram Nath Kovind's address to a joint sitting of both the houses.

The opposition parties have said they will await the response of the government on whether it would take up the contentious bills during the brief Budget Session and are in a "wait and watch" mode on how the government moved forward in taking the opposition together.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi conveyed to the opposition parties during the all-party meeting in Parliament Library building that his government will present an interim budget, much to the relief of many among the opposition who feared that government will present a "full-fledged" budget Friday. (PTI)

01 Feb 2019, 08:25:52 AM IST

Full budget likely after new govt

As per practice, a Vote-on-Account or approval for essential government spending for a limited period is taken in an election year and a full-fledged budget presented by the new government.

While P Chidambaram had presented the previous UPA government's Vote-on-Account in February 2014, Jaitley presented a full budget in July that year.

Last year, Narendra Modi-led government scrapped a colonial-era tradition of presenting the Budget at the end of February and it is now presented on February 1, so as to allow Parliamentary approvals to be completed before the start of the next financial year. 

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