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Thiruvalluvar

The finance minister cited Thiruvalluvar’s Thirukkural to explain the “five Jewels of a good country" that are health, wealth, good agriculture produce, happiness and national security. Thiruvalluvar is Tamil Nadu’s celebrated poet-philosopher, best known for authoring Thirukkural (Sacred Couplets), considered a masterpiece of Tamil literature. Little is known about his life except that he’s believed to have lived in Mylapore between 4th century BCE and early 6th century CE.

Dinanath Kaul Nadim
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Dinanath Kaul Nadim

Dinanath Kaul Nadim

USING several lines from Dinanath Kaul Nadim’s poem Myon Vatan (My Motherland), Sitharaman spoke of a ‘blooming’ and ‘united’ India. Nadim was born in 1916 in Srinagar. He was influenced by the works of the 14th century mystic poet of Kashmir, Lal Ded, or Lalla; and was at the centre of Kashmir’s progressive movement between 1930s and 1950s. Nadim won the Sahitya Akademi award in 1987, a year before his death.

Avvaiyar
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Avvaiyar

Avvaiyar

IN her Budget speech, the longest in Parliament history, the finance minister invoked Avvaiyar (or respectable woman), by saying “Bhoomi Thiruthi Un" (‘Tend to your land, do not be excessive and then reap your harvest’)." Avvaiyar was a Tamil saint-poet, best known for Athichudi, a collection of over 100 verses on the positive habits a person needs to adopt for a happy life. Like Thiruvalluvar, there’s isn’t much concrete evidence on her life; she’s believed to have lived in the 3rd century BCE.

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